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Vascular Plants of California
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Gilia cana subsp. triceps

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to erect, glabrous, hairy, glandular, or tufted-woolly-hairy. Leaf: simple, 1--3-pinnate-lobed or -dissected, generally alternate, margins entire, toothed, or lobed, tips acute, acuminate, or mucronate; basal generally in rosette; cauline generally reduced. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many in bract axils. Flower: calyx membranous between lobes, membranes splitting or expanding in fruit; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate, acute or acuminate. Fruit: spheric to ovoid; chambers 3; valves separating from top, to base and detaching or not to base and staying attached to receptacle. Seed: 3--many, yellow to brown, gelatinous when wet.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: western North America, South America. Etymology: (Filippo L. Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756--1821) Note: Stamens, styles said to be exserted protrude beyond fused part of corolla, that is, beyond corolla throat. Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Aliciella, Lathrocasis, Linanthus, Navarretia, Saltugilia. Gilia mexicana A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant recently found in San Diego Co.
Unabridged Note: Gilia can be challenging to identify. Several small-flowered species are only cryptically different from one another and many traits overlap. In order to successfully use the key, it is important to note pattern and distribution of flower color at the time of collection, as it may fade upon drying. Depauperate specimens may be particularly difficult if not impossible to identify using ordinary means. Descriptions of flowers follows previous authors (Day 1993; Grant & Grant 1956) in subdividing fused part of corolla into tube (basal part with parallel sides) and throat (flared part distal to tube). It is important to note that in some cases these definitions do not refer to homologous parts of the corolla.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Mark Porter
Species: Gilia canaView Description 

Habit: Plant occasionally with skunk-like odor. Stem: 9--32 cm, branches 1--several from base, tufted-woolly-hairy near base, generally glandular above. Leaf: basal in rosette, 1--2-pinnate-lobed, tufted-woolly-hairy; axis < 3 mm wide; lobes generally ascending, toothed on both sides, teeth short-pointed or acuminate. Inflorescence: spreading, showy; flowers few to many. Flower: calyx 2--5.7 mm, gland-dotted, lobes acute to acuminate; corolla 8--32 mm, tube purple, throat yellow proximally, blue distally, lobes pink; stamens reaching below corolla lobe middle; style > stamens. Fruit: 3--9 mm, < calyx, ovoid to spheric; valves detaching. Seed: 12--60.

Gilia cana subsp. triceps (Brand) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant
Leaf: basal 1--5 cm, +- tufted-woolly-hairy. Inflorescence: flowers many; pedicels slender, spreading, pairs +- equal. Flower: calyx 2--4 mm; corolla 8--23 mm, tube generally < 2 × calyx, throat cup-shaped, lobes +- 3 mm wide; stamens reaching below corolla lobe middle. Fruit: 4--7 mm, widely ovoid to spheric. Seed: 12--18. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Sandy flats, generally limestone; Elevation: 90--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, W&I, WTR, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Nevada, western Arizona. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Mark Porter
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Botanical illustration including Gilia cana subsp. triceps

botanical illustration including Gilia cana subsp. triceps


Citation for this treatment: J. Mark Porter 2012, Gilia cana subsp. triceps, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 18, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 18, 2018.

Gilia cana subsp. triceps
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© 2010 California Academy of Sciences
Gilia cana subsp. triceps
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© 1998 Larry Blakely
Gilia cana subsp. triceps
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© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Gilia cana subsp. triceps
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Gilia cana subsp. triceps
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Gilia cana subsp. triceps
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Gilia cana subsp. triceps in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Gilia cana subsp. triceps:
s SNH, W&I, WTR, DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.