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Vascular Plants of California
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Key to Polemoniaceae

View taxon page for Polemoniaceae

 

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. Leaves pinnate-compound ..... POLEMONIUM

1' Leaves 0 or  to deeply pinnate- or palmate-lobed

2. Leaves 0; filaments < 0.5 mm ..... GYMNOSTERIS

2' Leaves present; filaments > 0.5 mm

3. Perennial herbsubshrubwoody above ground, at least below (see also  Aliciella, Collomia, Phlox)

4. Calyx  unequal; inflorescencebractscalyx with woolly tufted hairs ..... ERIASTRUM (3)

4' Calyx  equal; inflorescencebractscalyx with hairs or not, but without woolly tufted hairs

5. Leaves 

6. Inflorescence head-like;   not rigid, not sharp-tipped; stamens  ..... Ipomopsis congesta

6' Inflorescence not head-like;   rigid, sharp-tipped; stamens  ..... LINANTHUS (6)

5' Leaves , at least on lower stem

7. Stamens attached at > 1 level; leaves not lobed ..... PHLOX (2)

7' Stamens attached at 1 level; leaves lobed

8. Calyx 5-parted; corolla glandular abaxially, open in day; leaves palmate-lobed,  pliable ..... LEPTOSIPHON (3)

8' Calyx generally 6-parted; corolla glabrous abaxially, open generally at night; leaves pinnate-lobed,  rigid – SnJt ..... Linanthus jaegeri

3' Annual or rhizomed, short-lived  herb, generally not woody above ground except sometimes for parts of woody 

9. Calyx membrane narrow, spout-like distally ..... COLLOMIA

9' Calyx membrane narrow to wide, not spout-like distally

10. Leaves cauline below,  or opposite above

11. Stamens attached at > 1 level; leaves not lobed

12. Annualseeds gelatinous when wet ..... MICROSTERIS

12' Perennial herbseeds not gelatinous when wet ..... PHLOX (2)

11' Stamens attached at 1 level; leaves palmate-lobed

13. Flowers in  subtended by bracts or in small clusters

14. Corolla  to tube long-exserted ..... LEPTOSIPHON (3)

14' Corolla bell- or short-funnel-shaped, tube generally  ..... LINANTHUS (6)

13' Flowers in small clusters

15. Pedicel > 2 mm, if 0 then corolla with hairy ring inside tube; corolla generally open daytime, without red marks at throat ..... LEPTOSIPHON (3)

15' Pedicel 0–2 mm; corolla without hairy ring inside tube; corolla generally open at night, if open daytime then with red marks at throat (see also Linanthus dichotomus subsp. meridianus) ..... LINANTHUS (6)

10' Leaves in  and/or cauline or ±  below, alternate above

16. Calyx  unequal

17. Inflorescence open, flowers in groups of 1–3 ..... ERIASTRUM (3)

17' Inflorescence dense, flowers in groups of generally > 3

18. Inflorescence woolly ..... ERIASTRUM (3)

18' Inflorescence hairy or not, but not woolly ..... NAVARRETIA (2)

16' Calyx  equal

19. Lower cauline leaves palmate-lobed

20. Leaves petioled, sinuses between  not to  midrib ..... IPOMOPSIS (3)

20' Leaves , sinuses between  ± to  midrib ..... LINANTHUS (6)

19' Lower cauline leaves  to pinnate-lobed

21. Leaf teethcalyx  bristle-tipped

22. Corolla  hairs branched; filaments equal ..... LANGLOISIA

22' Corolla  hairs filaments unequal ..... LOESELIASTRUM

21' Leaf teethcalyx  with short or long point or not, but not bristle-tipped

23. Corolla , bell-shaped, or short-funnel-shaped, tube

24. Calyx  >> tubemargins scarious, rarely  ..... LINANTHUS (6)

24' Calyx tubemargins scarious, not 

25. Lobes of  leaves >> 2, pinnately arranged ..... ALICIELLA (2)

25' Lobes of  leaves 0(1–2) ..... LATHROCASIS (2)

23' Corolla  or tube

26. Calyx  >> tube (± free to base), margins not scarious, rarely  ..... LINANTHUS (6)

26' Calyx  <= tubemargins scarious, not 

27. Seeds 1 per chamber, upper leaves ; plants without skunky odor ..... LATHROCASIS (2)

27' Seeds generally > 1 per chamber, if 1 then upper leaves ± palmate-compound, plants with skunky odor

28. Seeds not gelatinous when wet ..... ALICIELLA (2)

28' Seeds gelatinous when wet

29. Inflorescence dense, flowers generally 

30. Leaves 2-pinnate-lobed or -dissected, margins generally toothed; corolla generally throat well developed ..... GILIA (2)

30' Leaves  to pinnate-lobed, margins not toothed; corolla narrowly  to throat 0 or not well developed

31. Leaves pinnate-lobed or corolla  to  ..... IPOMOPSIS (3)

31' Leaves lance-elliptic,  or corolla ±  ..... Loeseliastrum depressum

29' Inflorescence generally open, flowers pedicelled, if subsessile then inflorescence not dense

32. Seeds medium to dark brown or black; leaves  and cauline, upper cauline ± palmate-lobed with terminal  width > lateral, or , similar to lower cauline (or 2-pinnate-lobed)

33. Hairs, or at least some, > 0.5 mm, often longer, glandular or not, generally > 1 type or length throughout; cotyledons spoon-shaped ..... ALLOPHYLLUM

33' Hairs < 0.3 mm, glandular, ± 1 type or length throughout; cotyledons  ..... NAVARRETIA (2)

32' Seeds ± green, tan, light brown, or light gray; leaves generally in  , upper cauline 0 or , different from basal, or pinnate-lobed with terminal  width <= lateral

34. Corolla , or  ..... IPOMOPSIS (3)

34' Corolla bell- or , ± 

35. Hairs on  leaves nonglandular, white cobwebby (at least in axils), or white and sharply bent, or translucent, then inflorescence glands long-stalked, diam < stalk (hair) ..... GILIA (2)

35' Hairs on  leaves minutely glandular, translucent; inflorescence glands subsessile, diam > stalk (hair) ..... SALTUGILIA

 

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) . Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/ [accessed on ]

Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on .

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