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Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RubiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to tree, vine. Leaf: generally opposite (whorled), entire; stipules generally fused to stem, adjacent pairs occasionally fused, or occasionally leaf-like and appearing like whorled leaves. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, spike, cluster, or flower 1, generally terminal and +- axillary. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx +- 4(5)-lobed, occasionally 0 (Galium, Crucianella) or 6 (Sherardia); corolla generally radial, 4(5)-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1(2). Fruit: drupe, berry, or 2 or 4 nutlets [capsule].
Genera In Family: +- 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropics; many cultivated, including Coffea, coffee; Cinchona, quinine; many ornamental. Note: Diodia teres Walter doubtfully in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Lauramay T. Dempster, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: GaliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BEDSTRAW
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, occasionally subshrub, glabrous to hairy, generally scabrous; dioecious, bisexual, or flowers unisexual and bisexual. Stem: 4-angled, occasionally ridged lengthwise. Leaf: generally in whorls of >= 4, including leaf-like stipules. Inflorescence: panicles, axillary clusters (cymes), or occasionally 1 in axils. Flower: bisexual, or unisexual with sterile stamens or pistils; calyx 0; corolla generally rotate, occasionally +- bell-shaped, generally +- green, yellow to white, occasionally pink or red, lobes generally 4; ovary 2-lobed, styles 2, bases +- fused. Fruit: 2 nutlets or berry.
Species In Genus: +- 650 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Etymology: (Greek: milk, from use of some species for curdling) Note: Ovary and fruit generally +- equally hairy on a pl; staminate plants generally identified by vestigial ovaries, pistillate plants generally by vestigial anthers. Galium saxatile L., Galium schultesii Vest, and Galium verum L. are lawn weeds in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Valerie Soza
Species: Galium angustifoliumView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, low, tufted or stems elongate, glabrous to hairy, at least base woody; dioecious. Stem: 6--100 cm. Leaf: in whorls of 4, +- strap-shaped, 3-veined. Inflorescence: panicle of few- to many-flowered clusters. Flower: corolla rotate, generally red to yellow. Fruit: nutlets, generally > pedicel; hairs dense, long, straight, spreading.

Galium angustifolium A. Gray subsp. angustifolium
Habit: Plant woody above base, generally glabrous to white-hairy. Stem: 15--100 cm, ridges narrower than grooves. Leaf: 5--27 mm. Inflorescence: many-flowered, generally open. Flower: corolla <= hairy than pl. Chromosomes: 2n=22,44.
Ecology: Cliffs, canyons, protected places on hillsides; Elevation: 15--2650 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SN, SCoR, SW (exc n ChI); Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Valerie Soza
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Citation for this treatment: Valerie Soza 2016. Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 28, 2016.

Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium:
s SN, SCoR, SW (exc n ChI);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.