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Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 18 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824) Note: Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston

Brodiaea elegans Hoover subsp. elegans
Inflorescence: scape 10--50 cm, stout; pedicels <= 8 cm. Flower: perianth 29--47 mm, tube 10--17.5 mm, funnel-shaped, opaque, not splitting in fruit, lobes 17.5--30 mm, violet, ascending, tips recurved, outer 4--7.5 mm wide, inner 6--10.5 mm wide; staminodes held away from stamens, 6--10.5 mm, < stamens, flat, generally white, tip obtuse, occasionally acute or toothed, erect or +- recurved; filaments 4.5--8.5 mm, anthers 5.5--11 mm, linear; ovary 7.5--12.5 mm, style 8.5--18 mm. Chromosomes: n=8,16,20,21,24.
Ecology: Grassland, meadows, open woodland, chaparral, occasionally serpentine; Elevation: < 2430 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRF, SN (exc Teh), GV, SnFrB, SCoRI, SnBr, PR. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug Note: Brodiaea elegans subsp. hooveri T.F. Niehaus in Oregon. Hybrids reported with other sp.
Synonyms: Brodiaea coronaria (Salisb.) Engl. var. mundula Jeps.; Brodiaea elegans var. mundula (Jeps.) Hoover
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
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botanical illustration including Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2017. Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2017.

Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
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© 2004 Carol W. Witham
Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
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© 2002 Tony Morosco
Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
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© 2012 Vernon Smith
Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
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© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans:
KR, NCoR, CaRF, SN (exc Teh), GV, SnFrB, SCoRI, SnBr, PR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.