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Vascular Plants of California
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Brodiaea coronaria
GARLAND BRODIAEA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BRODIAEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 18 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824) Note: Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Preston 2006 Novon 16:254--259
Unabridged Reference: Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46--54; Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187--198
Brodiaea coronaria (Salisb.) Engl.
NATIVE
Inflorescence: scape 5--25 cm; pedicel <= 7 cm. Flower: perianth 23--37.5 mm, tube 8.5--13.5 mm, cylindric, lobes 14--25 mm, violet, ascending, tips recurved, outer 3.5--5.5 mm wide, inner 5--8 mm wide; staminodes leaning toward but not appressed to stamens, 7.5--12 mm, generally white, flat or incurved below tip, tips obtuse; filaments 3--6 mm, anthers 4.5--7 mm; ovary 6--10 mm, style 6.5--11 mm. Chromosomes: n=12,24,42.
Ecology: Vernal pools, grassland; Elevation: 30--760 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaRF, n SNF, ScV; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Brodiaea coronaria subsp. coronaria
Unabridged Note: Brodiaea coronaria subsp. coronaria has been misapplied to plants with tightly inrolled staminodes that are appressed to the stamens. At least 2 such groups are morphologically, ecologically distinguishable, one in montane meadows in KR, CaR, MP, southern Oregon, the other in grassland in ScV, northern SnJV. In addition, California plants morphologically similar to Brodiaea coronaria from the Pacific Northwest differ in chromosome number and may represent separate lineages of hybrid origin. Study needed.
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Preston 2006 Novon 16:254--259
Unabridged Reference: Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46--54; Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187--198
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Previous taxon: Brodiaea californica
Next taxon: Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans

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Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2012, Brodiaea coronaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=16141, accessed on August 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 21, 2019.

Brodiaea coronaria
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© 2014 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea coronaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea coronaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea coronaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea coronaria
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Brodiaea coronaria
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© 2004 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Brodiaea coronaria in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea coronaria:
CaRF, n SNF, ScV
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.