Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Brodiaea filifolia
THREAD-LEAVED BRODIAEA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BRODIAEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 18 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824) Note: Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Preston 2006 Novon 16:254--259
Unabridged Reference: Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46--54; Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187--198
Brodiaea filifolia S. Watson
NATIVE
Inflorescence: scape 20--30 cm, slender; pedicels <= 6 cm. Flower: perianth 13--28 mm, tube 4.5--9 mm, narrow-cylindric, transparent, splitting in fruit, lobes 7--20 mm, violet, spreading, outer 3--5 mm wide, inner 5--7 mm wide; staminodes reflexed against perianth, 1--4 mm, awl-like; filaments 0.5--1.5 mm, with narrow wings, base fused with staminodes, anthers 3--6 mm, tip wide-notched; ovary 3--7 mm, style 4.5--9 mm. Chromosomes: n=12.
Ecology: Grassland, vernal pools; Elevation: 25--860 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo (Los Angeles, San Diego cos.), SnBr (San Bernardino Co.), w PR (Orange, Riverside, San Diego cos.). Flowering Time: Mar--Jun Note: Hybridizes with Brodiaea orcuttii.
Synonyms: Hookera filifolia (S. Watson) Greene
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Preston 2006 Novon 16:254--259
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
Next taxon: Brodiaea insignis

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Botanical illustration including Brodiaea filifolia

botanical illustration including Brodiaea filifolia

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Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2012, Brodiaea filifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=16144, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Brodiaea filifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea filifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea filifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea filifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea filifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea filifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Brodiaea filifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea filifolia:
SCo (Los Angeles, San Diego cos.), SnBr (San Bernardino Co.), w PR (Orange, Riverside, San Diego cos.).
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.