Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Leucojum aestivum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeucojumView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, bulb 8--45 mm. Stem: compressed, 2-winged. Leaf: several, to 10 cm, thread-like to broadly linear. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 1--7 flowered, appearing before leaves withered; bracts 1--2; pedicels 25--70 mm. Flower: nodding, perianth bell-shaped, crown 0. Fruit: +- fleshy, loculicidal. Seed: many, black.
Species In Genus: 2 species: naturalized in Europe, eastern United States, elsewhere; native to southern Europe. Etymology: (Greek: white violet)

Leucojum aestivum L.
Habit: Perennial herb, bulb 25--45 mm. Stem: (15)30--60 cm, stout, hollow. Inflorescence: 2--5(7)-flowered; bracts 2, free or fused along 1 side. Flower: perianth parts white, each with a green spot below thickened tip; stamens free, stigma unlobed.
Ecology: Garden escape in urban areas, persisting at old homesteads; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, SCo, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: eastern North America, other temperate areas; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Dec--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2016. Leucojum aestivum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Leucojum aestivum:
GV, SCo, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.