Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Leucojum aestivum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeucojumView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, bulb 8--45 mm. Stem: compressed, 2-winged. Leaf: several, to 10 cm, thread-like to broadly linear. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 1--7 flowered, appearing before leaves withered; bracts 1--2; pedicels 25--70 mm. Flower: nodding, perianth bell-shaped, crown 0. Fruit: +- fleshy, loculicidal. Seed: many, black.
Species In Genus: 2 species: naturalized in Europe, eastern United States, elsewhere; native to southern Europe. Etymology: (Greek: white violet)
Reference: Lledo et al. 2004 Pl Syst Evol 246:223--243
Leucojum aestivum L.
Habit: Perennial herb, bulb 25--45 mm. Stem: (15)30--60 cm, stout, hollow. Inflorescence: 2--5(7)-flowered; bracts 2, free or fused along 1 side. Flower: perianth parts white, each with a green spot below thickened tip; stamens free, stigma unlobed.
Ecology: Garden escape in urban areas, persisting at old homesteads; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, SCo, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: eastern North America, other temperate areas; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Dec--Jun
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: Lledo et al. 2004 Pl Syst Evol 246:223--243
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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Leucojum aestivum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 19, 2019.

Leucojum aestivum
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© 2011 Vernon Smith

More photos of Leucojum aestivum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Leucojum aestivum:
GV, SCo, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.