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Frankenia palmeri

Higher Taxonomy
Family: FrankeniaceaeView Description 


Genera In Family: 1 genus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carrie Kiel & R. John Little
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: FrankeniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FRANKENIA
Habit: (Annual) [perennial herb] to shrub, generally with rhizome; glands salt-secreting. Stem: prostrate to erect, nodes swollen, generally rooting. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, united by a single sheath, +- clustered, simple, 1--15 mm, salt-encrusted, generally persistent; blade obovate to oblong-oblanceolate or elliptic, generally leathery or fleshy, glabrous to hairy, margin entire, rolled under; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 4--7, fused, ribbed; petals 4--7, free, white to pink or blue-purple, overlapping, clawed, with adaxial scale-like appendage near base; stamens 3--12(25), 2-whorled, outer whorl shorter; ovary superior, chambers 1--4, styles 1--4, exserted, ovules 1--many. Fruit: loculicidal capsule within persistent calyx. Seed: 1--many, ivory to gold-brown.
Species In Genus: 90 species: especially coastal and semi-arid regions; soils high in salt, gypsum, or calcium. Etymology: (Johann Frankenius, colleague of Linnaeus)

Frankenia palmeri S. Watson
Habit: Shrub 10--100 cm diam, rhizome 0. Stem: prostrate, 10--30 cm, generally with scattered hairs. Leaf: blade 2--7 mm, generally < 1 mm wide, +- fleshy, margins strongly thickened, tightly rolled under, abaxial surface densely hairy. Inflorescence: few-flowered in distal axils. Flower: calyx tube 3--5 mm, petals 3--7 mm, white, lower 1/2 generally +- pink; stamens generally 4, 4--9 mm; styles (1)2. Fruit: 2--2.5 mm. Seed: 1, 1.5--2 mm, ovoid-conic.
Ecology: Alkali flats, coastal marshes, dunes; Elevation: < 450 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: Carrie Kiel & R. John Little
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: Carrie Kiel & R. John Little 2016. Frankenia palmeri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Frankenia palmeri
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© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Frankenia palmeri in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Frankenia palmeri:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.