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Vascular Plants of California
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Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PotamogetonaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, aquatic, (generally fresh to alkaline), glabrous, from rhizomes, tubers, or winter buds. Stem: erect, simple to branched, cylindric to compressed, rooting at lower nodes; nodal glands present or not. Leaf: simple, cauline, alternate or in subopposite pairs; submersed thread-like to round, sessile or petioled; floating present or not, elliptic to ovate, petioled, leathery; sheath open, continuous with petiole or +- free from blade base, generally stipuled, stipules fused and ligule-like or not. Inflorescence: spike, cylindric to spheric, axillary or terminal, generally emergent, peduncled; bracts 0. Flower: inconspicuous, bisexual; perianth parts [0]4, clawed, +- green, limb generally adaxially concave; stamens [2]4, each fused to base of perianth part [or not], filament generally 0 [short, wide], anthers open to outside; pistils [1]4, ovary 1-chambered, ovule 1, attached to chamber base, style 0 or short. Fruit: drupe, generally obovate, sessile. Seed: 1.
Genera In Family: 3 genera, +- 95 species: worldwide. Note: Recently treated elsewhere to include Zannichelliaceae. Ruppia moved to Ruppiaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: C. Barre Hellquist, Robert F. Thorne & Robert R. Haynes
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: StuckeniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PONDWEED
Habit: Perennial herb, rhizomed, tubered or not, winter buds 0. Stem: branched, cylindric. Leaf: submersed, sessile, channeled, entire, tip acute to abruptly pointed, notched, or rounded, veins 1--5; stipules fused to leaf blade >= 2/3 stipule length. Inflorescence: submersed; peduncle flexible. Fruit: beaked or not, keel 0. Chromosomes: x=13.

Unabridged Reference: Börner 1912 Botanisch-systematische Notizen. Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 21:245--282; Holub 1977 Preslia 69:361--366
Stuckenia filiformis (Pers.) Börner subsp. alpina (Blytt) R.R. Haynes, Les, & M. Král
Habit: Slender, rhizomed, tubered. Stem: < 65 cm, branches below, subcylindric. Leaf: < 12 cm, < 3 mm wide, linear to bristle-like, tip notched, blunt, rounded (or with abrupt, short point); stipules < 3 cm, sheaths on proximal stems often inflated, others not. Inflorescence: terminal, interrupted below, 5--55 mm, whorls 2--6(9); peduncle 2--10(15) cm. Fruit: 2--3 mm, beak inconspicuous. Chromosomes: 2n=66.
Ecology: Shallow, clear water of lakes, drainage channels; Elevation: 300--2150 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, c SNH, GV, CCo, SnFrB, GB; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Arizona, Greenland, Eurasia. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Unrecognized subsp. under Potamogeton filiformis in TJM (1993).
Synonyms: Coleogeton filiformis (Pers.) Les & R.R. Haynes subsp. alpinus (Blytt) Les & R.R. Haynes; Potamogeton filiformis Pers. var. alpinus (Blytt) Asch. & Graebn; Potamogeton filiformis var. macounii Morong
Unabridged Note: Stuckenia filiformis (Pers.) Börner subsp. filiformis not in California.
Jepson eFlora Author: C. Barre Hellquist, Robert F. Thorne & Robert R. Haynes
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: C. Barre Hellquist, Robert F. Thorne & Robert R. Haynes 2012, Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 26, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 26, 2024.

Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina
click for enlargement
©2016 Dana York
Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina
click for enlargement
©2016 Dana York
Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina
click for enlargement
©2016 Dana York

More photos of Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Stuckenia filiformis subsp. alpina:
KR, c SNH, GV, CCo, SnFrB, GB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).