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Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OnagraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2--7); petals 4(2--7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
Genera In Family: 22 genera, +- 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). Note: Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CamissoniopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, from taproot. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, simple, generally narrowly lanceolate or narrowly elliptic to ovate. Inflorescence: spike, nodding in bud, generally flower from basal-most to distal nodes. Flower: opening at dawn; sepals 4, reflexed singly or in fused pairs; petals 4, yellow, fading red, generally with 1+ red basal spots, with no ultraviolet pattern; stamens 8, longer opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, pollen grains 3-angled except in polyploid taxa at 20×; ovary chambers 4, stigma +- spheric or hemispheric, exceeding anthers and cross-pollinated or +- = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: 4-angled at least when dry, generally proximally thick, contorted or curled 1--5 times, or straight, not swollen by seeds, sessile. Seed: in 1 row per chamber, narrowly obovoid, flattened, dull brown-black.
Species In Genus: 14 species: California, Arizona, Oregon, Baja California. Etymology: (Greek: like Camissonia) Note: Polyploidy and self-pollination have predominated in evolution of genus. Incl in Camissonia in TJM (1993).
Species: Camissoniopsis cheiranthifoliaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb or subshrub, short-lived, rosetted, densely strigose (glabrous); hairs of inflorescence generally erect, short. Stem: prostrate to +- ascending, < 60(130) cm, peeling. Leaf: 5--50 mm, narrowly ovate to obovate, minutely serrate; cauline petioles 0--10 mm. Flower: hypanthium 2.1--8.5 mm; sepals 4--11.5 mm; petals 6--20 mm, basal spots 0--2. Fruit: 10--25 mm, 2--2.5 mm wide, 4-angled, generally 1--2-coiled. Seed: 1.2--1.3 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Note: Subspecies intergrade on ChI.

Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa (S. Watson) W.L. Wagner & Hoch
Habit: Subshrub; hairs generally dense and silvery. Flower: hypanthium 5--8.5 mm; petals (10)12--20 mm, basal spots 1--2; anthers 2.2--3 mm; style 13--23 mm.
Ecology: Sandy slopes, flats, coastal dunes; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug Note: Generally cross-pollinated, +- self-incompatible; hybridizes widely with Camissoniopsis bistorta.
Synonyms: Camissonia cheiranthifolia (Spreng.) Raim. subsp. suffruticosa (S. Watson) P.H. Raven; Oenothera cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa (S. Watson) Munz; Oenothera cheiranthifolia var. suffruticosa S. Watson
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner
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Citation for this treatment: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner 2017. Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2017.

Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa
click for enlargement
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa
click for enlargement
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.