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Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens

Higher Taxonomy
Family: FouquieriaceaeView Description 

Habit: Shrub, tree, spiny. Stem: branched near base [or trunk 1, thick, fleshy]. Leaf: simple, alternate, small, +- fleshy, glabrous, generally produced after rains, of 2 kinds: 1° on long-shoots, subtended by decurrent ridge on stem, blade generally early-deciduous, petiole persisting as spine; 2° clustered on short-shoot in axils of 1°, +- persistent, not spine-forming. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, axillary or terminal; flowers many. Flower: sepals 5, unequal, overlapping, +- scarious, persistent; corolla bright red [yellow], tube cylindric, lobes 5, overlapping, spreading; stamens 10--20+, in 1 or +- 2 whorls, filaments free; pistil 1, ovary superior, 3(4)-chambered at base, placenta axile at base, parietal above, ovules +- 3--6 per chamber, style 3(4)-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 1 genus (including Idria), 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FouquieriaView Description 

Etymology: (P.E. Fouquier, Parisian medical professor, 1776--1850)

Fouquieria splendens Engelm. subsp. splendens
Stem: erect to outwardly arching or ascending, 6--100, 2--10 m, generally < 6 cm diam, cane-like, leafless most of year; bark gray with darker furrows; spines 1--4 cm. Leaf: 1° 1--5 cm, petiole 1--2.5 cm; 2° 2--6 per cluster, 1--2 cm, 4--9 mm wide, petiole 2--8 mm, blade spoon-shaped to obovate, tip rounded to notched. Inflorescence: panicle, generally 10--20 cm, widely to narrowly conic. Flower: corolla 1.8--2.5 cm; filaments each arising from hairy, +- 5 mm sheath. Fruit: +- 2 cm. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Dry, generally rocky soils; Elevation: < 700 m. Bioregional Distribution: DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, central Mexico, Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul Note: Stems used for fences, huts; bark for waxes, gums.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone
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botanical illustration including Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens


Citation for this treatment: Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone 2017. Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 30, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 30, 2017.

Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
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© 1998 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.