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Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
OCOTILLO

Higher Taxonomy
Family: FouquieriaceaeView Description 

Common Name: OCOTILLO FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree, spiny. Stem: branched near base [or trunk 1, thick, fleshy]. Leaf: simple, alternate, small, +- fleshy, glabrous, generally produced after rains, of 2 kinds: 1° on long-shoots, subtended by decurrent ridge on stem, blade generally early-deciduous, petiole persisting as spine; 2° clustered on short-shoot in axils of 1°, +- persistent, not spine-forming. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, axillary or terminal; flowers many. Flower: sepals 5, unequal, overlapping, +- scarious, persistent; corolla bright red [yellow], tube cylindric, lobes 5, overlapping, spreading; stamens 10--20+, in 1 or +- 2 whorls, filaments free; pistil 1, ovary superior, 3(4)-chambered at base, placenta axile at base, parietal above, ovules +- 3--6 per chamber, style 3(4)-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 1 genus (including Idria), 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FouquieriaView Description 


Etymology: (P.E. Fouquier, Parisian medical professor, 1776--1850)

Fouquieria splendens Engelm. subsp. splendens
NATIVE
Stem: erect to outwardly arching or ascending, 6--100, 2--10 m, generally < 6 cm diam, cane-like, leafless most of year; bark gray with darker furrows; spines 1--4 cm. Leaf: 1° 1--5 cm, petiole 1--2.5 cm; 2° 2--6 per cluster, 1--2 cm, 4--9 mm wide, petiole 2--8 mm, blade spoon-shaped to obovate, tip rounded to notched. Inflorescence: panicle, generally 10--20 cm, widely to narrowly conic. Flower: corolla 1.8--2.5 cm; filaments each arising from hairy, +- 5 mm sheath. Fruit: +- 2 cm. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Dry, generally rocky soils; Elevation: < 700 m. Bioregional Distribution: DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, central Mexico, Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul Note: Stems used for fences, huts; bark for waxes, gums.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone
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botanical illustration including Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens

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Citation for this treatment: Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone 2016. Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77256, accessed on February 13, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 13, 2016.


Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse

More photos of Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens:
DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.