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Lupinus littoralis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LEGUME FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: generally alternate, generally compound, generally stipuled, generally entire, pinnately veined Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; or flowers 1--few in axils. Flower: generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium 0 or flat to tubular; sepals generally 5, generally fused; petals generally 5, free, fused, or lower 2 +- united into keel (see 3, Key to Groups, for banner, wings); stamens 10 or many (or [1], 5, 6, 7, 9), free or fused or 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1--many, style, stigma 1. Fruit: legume, including a stalk-like base (above receptacle) or not. Seed: 1--many, often +- reniform, generally hard, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. Note: Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2--5(8) (vs 7--17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth. , Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss (possibly extirpated), Lens culinaris Medik. are agricultural weeds. Caragana arborescens Lam. only cult. Ononis alopecuroides L. , Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. all evidently extirpated. Cercidium moved to Parkinsonia; Chamaecytisus to Cytisus; Psoralidium lanceolatum to Ladeania.
eFlora Treatment Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Martin F. Wojciechowski, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LupinusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LUPINE
Habit: Annual to shrub; cotyledons generally petioled, withering early. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: palmately compound [or not], generally cauline; stipules fused to petiole; leaflets 3--17, generally oblanceolate, entire. Inflorescence: raceme, flowers spiraled or whorled, occasionally also in lower leaf axils; bracts generally deciduous. Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes entire or toothed, generally appendaged between; corolla blue, purple, white, or yellow, banner glabrous to densely hairy, centrally grooved, sides reflexed, wing tips +- fused, keel generally beaked; stamens 10, filaments fused, 5 long with short anthers, 5 short with long anthers; style brush-like. Fruit: dehiscent, generally oblong. Seed: 2--12, generally smooth.
Species In Genus: +- 220 species: especially western North America, western South America to eastern United States, also tropical South America, Mediterranean to western Asia, eastern tropical Africa; some cultivated for fodder, green manure, edible seed, ornamental. Etymology: (Latin: wolf, from mistaken idea that plants rob soil of nutrients) Toxicity: Some (e.g., Lupinus arboreus, Lupinus latifolius, Lupinus leucophyllus) have alkaloids (especially in seeds, fruits, young herbage) TOXIC to livestock (especially sheep). Note: Inflorescence length excludes peduncle; some California species naturalized in eastern North America, South America, Australia, southern Africa.
eFlora Treatment Author: Teresa Sholars

Lupinus littoralis Douglas
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub, < 3 dm, +- green to silvery, strigose to shaggy-hairy, long-hairy especially at nodes; roots yellow. Stem: prostrate to decumbent. Leaf: cauline; stipules 8--16 mm; petiole 2--6 cm; leaflets 5--9, 10--35 mm. Inflorescence: 12--15 cm, +- open, flowers whorled; peduncle 3--9 cm; pedicels 3--5 mm; bract 5--9 mm. Flower: 10--13 mm; calyx upper lip 5--6 mm, 2-toothed, lower 6--7 mm, entire to 3-toothed; petals purple, banner back glabrous, spot +- white, keel upper margins ciliate, lower glabrous. Fruit: 3--4 cm, hairy. Seed: 8--12.
Ecology: Coastal sand; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c NCo, CCo (Point Reyes); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Doubtfully distinct from Lupinus variicolor.
eFlora Treatment Author: Teresa Sholars
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Previous taxon: Lupinus leucophyllus
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Citation for this treatment: Teresa Sholars 2016. Lupinus littoralis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31952, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Lupinus littoralis:
n&c NCo, CCo (Point Reyes);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.