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Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock

Annual to shrub [vine]. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosette (cauline), entire or lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, cyme, or panicle (head-like in Armeria), generally scapose. Flower: bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, generally membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5, persistent; petals 5, ± free to ± fused, clawed, ± intertwined; stamens 5, opposite petals, occasionally epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, occasionally fused. Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, ± enclosed in calyx.
27 genera, ± 1000 species: ± worldwide, especially Mediterranean, western and central Asia. [Lledo et al. 1998 Syst Bot 23:21–29] Some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plumbaginaceae

Perennial herb, rhizomed. Leaf: many, sessile, linear [to lanceolate], entire; veins 1–7, parallel. Inflorescence: head-like, on unbranched, scapose peduncle; involucre sheathing, recurved; bracts subtending individual flowers. Flower: calyx 10-ribbed; styles fused at base, hairy.
± 50 species: North America, Europe, Mediterranean, southern South America. (Latin, from Old French: name for a dianthus with spheric heads) [Fuertes Aguilar & Nieto Feliner 2003 Molec Phylogen Evol 28:430–447]
Unabridged references: [Lefebre & Vekemans 1995 Canad J Bot 73:1583–1595; Porsild 1955 Natl Mus Canada Bull 135:170–174]

A. maritima (Mill.) Willd. subsp. californica (Boiss.) A.E. Porsild
Leaf: 6–12 cm, 1–2.5 mm wide, flat, glabrous. Inflorescence: < 2 cm wide; peduncle < 60 cm. Flower: calyx < corolla, both generally pink; calyx tube ± hairy on ribs, lobe tips short, sharp.
Ocean bluffs, ridges, coastal strand, sand, exposed grassland; < 245 m. North Coast, Central Coast, n Channel Islands; to British Columbia. [Armeria maritima var. californica (Boiss.) G.H.M. Lawr.] Other subspecies in boreal North America, northwestern Europe. Feb–Sep [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Armeria
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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Armeria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015

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click for enlargement Armeria maritima subsp. californica
See CalPhotos for additional images
Sherry Ballard © 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Armeria maritima subsp. californica Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.