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DIPSACACEAE TEASEL FAMILY

Charles D. Bell & Elizabeth McClintock

Annual to perennial herb [(shrub)], armed or not. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosettes and cauline, generally opposite, ± fused around stem, entire, toothed, or pinnately lobed or dissected, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: head, terminal, on long peduncle, many-flowered, dense, ± spheric or cylindric, subtended by involucre; each flower generally ± enclosed by involucel of 1–2 generally fused bractlets, this generally expanded above or in fruit, generally subtended by 1 receptacle bract. Flower: bisexual, ± bilateral, especially outermost; calyx limb cup-shaped or divided into 4–5(10) linear or bristle-like segments; corolla ± funnel-shaped, lobes 4–5, < tube, generally unequal; stamens generally 4, attached to corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, style ± exserted from corolla, stigma generally 2-lobed. Fruit: achene, enclosed by sometimes enlarged involucel, generally topped by persistent calyx.
10–11 genera, 270–350 species: Europe to eastern Asia, central and southern Africa; several cultivated for ornamental. [Caputo et al. 2004 Plant Syst Evol 246:163–175] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Dipsacaceae

SCABIOSA PINCUSHION FLOWER
Annual to perennial herb, unarmed. Stem: erect, < 6 dm, branched, glabrous or hairy. Leaf: generally < 1 dm, pinnately lobed or dissected. Inflorescence: ± spheric; outermost flowers generally larger; peduncle often long; involucre bracts ± equal, lanceolate, flexible; involucel tubular, 8-ribbed, with expanded, fan-like, many-veined limb or not. Flower: calyx limb divided into 5 bristles; corolla generally blue, purple, pink, or white, lobes 5, upper 2 smaller; stamens 4(2). Fruit: ± angled, generally hairy.
± 80 species: temperate Eurasia, Africa. (Latin: itch, from medicinal use)

Key to Scabiosa

S. atropurpurea L.
NATURALIZED
Stem: < 6 dm. Leaf: cauline pinnately dissected. Inflorescence: < 30 mm wide, elongating at maturity; limb of involucel < 1 mm, ± urn-shaped. Fruit: calyx bristles >> limb of involucel.
Disturbed areas; < 600 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges; native to southern Europe. Mar–Nov [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Scabiosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43445, accessed on Sep 30 2014

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click for enlargement Scabiosa atropurpurea
See CalPhotos for additional images
2002 Brent Miller

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Scabiosa atropurpurea Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.