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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Charles D. Bell & Elizabeth McClintock

Annual to perennial herb [(shrub)], armed or not. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosettes and cauline, generally opposite, ± fused around stem, entire, toothed, or pinnately lobed or dissected, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: head, terminal, on long peduncle, many-flowered, dense, ± spheric or cylindric, subtended by involucre; each flower generally ± enclosed by involucel of 1–2 generally fused bractlets, this generally expanded above or in fruit, generally subtended by 1 receptacle bract. Flower: bisexual, ± bilateral, especially outermost; calyx limb cup-shaped or divided into 4–5(10) linear or bristle-like segments; corolla ± funnel-shaped, lobes 4–5, < tube, generally unequal; stamens generally 4, attached to corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, style ± exserted from corolla, stigma generally 2-lobed. Fruit: achene, enclosed by sometimes enlarged involucel, generally topped by persistent calyx.
10–11 genera, 270–350 species: Europe to eastern Asia, central and southern Africa; several cultivated for ornamental. [Caputo et al. 2004 Plant Syst Evol 246:163–175] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Dipsacaceae

Annual to perennial herb, unarmed. Stem: erect, < 6 dm, branched, glabrous or hairy. Leaf: generally < 1 dm, pinnately lobed or dissected. Inflorescence: ± spheric; outermost flowers generally larger; peduncle often long; involucre bracts ± equal, lanceolate, flexible; involucel tubular, 8-ribbed, with expanded, fan-like, many-veined limb or not. Flower: calyx limb divided into 5 bristles; corolla generally blue, purple, pink, or white, lobes 5, upper 2 smaller; stamens 4(2). Fruit: ± angled, generally hairy.
± 80 species: temperate Eurasia, Africa. (Latin: itch, from medicinal use)

Key to Scabiosa

S. atropurpurea L.
Stem: < 6 dm. Leaf: cauline pinnately dissected. Inflorescence: < 30 mm wide, elongating at maturity; limb of involucel < 1 mm, ± urn-shaped. Fruit: calyx bristles >> limb of involucel.
Disturbed areas; < 600 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges; native to southern Europe. Mar–Nov [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Scabiosa
Next taxon: Scabiosa stellata


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Scabiosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015

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click for enlargement Scabiosa atropurpurea
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2002 Brent Miller

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Scabiosa atropurpurea Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.