Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

SARRACENIACEAE PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY

Barry A. Rice

Perennial herb, generally from slender rhizome, short caudex, or stolon; carnivorous; roots poorly developed. Leaf: in basal rosette, prostrate to erect, each forming a tubular pitcher with fluid that digests captured prey by enzymes, bacteria, or other organisms, with stiff, reflexed hairs within. Inflorescence: scapose, flower generally 1. Flower: bisexual, radial, nodding; sepals 5 [4–6], generally free; petals 5 [0]; stamens many; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 5, incomplete above or not, placentas generally axile, style 1, 5-lobed, umbrella-like or not, stigma terminal or under tips of style lobes. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal; valves generally 5. Seed: many, flattened-ovoid, smooth, or club-like, papillate [winged].
3 genera, 24 species: northern California, Oregon, British Columbia, eastern North America, northern South America, especially acidic bogs, streamsides, moist areas; often planted outside native ranges by horticulturists but generally not invasive. [Schnell 2002 Carnivorous Plants of US and Can. Timber Press] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Sarraceniaceae

DARLINGTONIA CALIFORNIA PITCHER-PLANT

1 sp. (William Darlington, Philadelphia botanist, 1782–1863)

D. californica Torr.
NATIVE
Rhizomed; stolons ± 1 m. Leaf: nearly erect, 1–6(10) dm, green-yellow to deep red, enlarged upward; pitcher top opening underneath, tube with non-digestive fluids within; appendages yellow or green to purple. Inflorescence: < 1 m; scape bracts yellow. Flower: sepals 4–6 cm, oblong to oblanceolate, yellow-green, purple-tinged or not; petals 2–4 cm, narrowly ovate, yellow-green between wide, dark purple veins (variant lacking purple veins in Nevada Co.); stamens 12–15 in 1 whorl; ovary tip truncate or concave, style 2–3 mm, deeply 5-lobed, stigmas 5. Fruit: 2.5–4.5 cm, obovoid. Seed: ± 2 mm, papillate, light red-brown.
2n=30. Seeps, boggy places with running water, generally serpentine; 60–2200 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges (introduced, Mendocino Co.), n High Sierra Nevada (c Plumas, Sierra, Nevada cos.); western Oregon; planted elsewhere. Pollinator the bee Andrena nigrihirta, possibly also an arachnid; digestion in leaves by bacteria, arthropods, not by plant enzymes. Pitcher resembling cobra with fangs or forked tongue. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Darlingtonia
Next taxon: Sarracenia

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 15 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Darlingtonia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=22340, accessed on Sep 15 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Darlingtonia californica
See CalPhotos for additional images
Sherry Ballard 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Darlingtonia californica Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.