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Macrocystis integrifolia Bory

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drawing of Macrocystis integrifolia
Illustrations:
Sporophyte: Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 256, fig. 206 (habit); Scagel 1967, p. 145, fig. 58a (habit), fig. 58b (blade detail), fig. 58c (new developing blades). Gametophytes: Cole 1968, pl. I, figs. 1–12 (photos: development of male and female plants through fertilization) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
Kodiak I., Gulf of Alaska, Alaska (Druehl 1970, p. 241) to Monterey Peninsula, Calif. (Smith 1944, p. 144); Montaña de Oro State Park, San Luis Obispo Co., Calif. (Sparling 1977, p. 38); Bahía Tortugas, Baja Calif. (Mendoza González and Mateo Cid 1985) Display references
Taxonomy:
Neushul 1971 Display references
Molecular Taxonomy:
Tan and Druehl 1996; Saunders and Druehl 1993b; Druehl and Saunders 1992; Saunders and Druehl 1992a Display references
Evolution:
Coyer et al. 2001; Druehl and Saunders 1992; Saunders and Druehl 1992b Display references
Life History:
alternation of heteromorphic phases, with a macroscopic sporophyte and dioecious microscopic gametophytes (Cole 1968, p. 777) Display references
Chromosomes:
Yabu and Sanbonsuga 1987; Cole 1967b, p. 523 Display references
Genetics:
Lewis and Neushul 1996; Lewis and Neushul 1994; Fain et al. 1988, p. 293; Fain and Druehl 1984 Display references
Biology/Ecology:
Sloan and Bartier 2000, p. 14; Hurd and Stevens 1997; Graham 1996; Fain 1992; Foster et al. 1991, p. 249; D. Reed et al. 1991; Lüning 1990; Stekoll and Else 1990; Murray and Horn 1989, p. 459; Harrold et al. 1988; Apt 1988a; Apt 1988c, p. 212; Lüning and Freshwater 1988, p. 312; Rosell and Srivastava 1987; Druehl and Wheeler 1986; Wheeler and Druehl 1986; Dayton 1985, p. 236; Foster and Schiel 1985, p. 2; Deysher and Dean 1984; Druehl 1984; Bruce et al. 1983; Horn et al. 1983, p. 83; Popovic et al. 1983; Smith et al. 1983; Albright et al. 1982; Breen et al. 1982, p. 16; Druehl and Kemp 1982; Pace 1981; Druehl 1981a, p. 60; Albright et al. 1980; Nicholson 1980; Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 94; Druehl 1978; Sanbonsuga and Neushul 1978; Lobban 1978a; Lobban 1978b; Andrews 1977, p. 1022; Fankboner and de Burgh, 1977; Fankboner and Druehl 1976; Turner 1975, p. 34; Devinny and Kirkwood 1974, p. 102; Pace 1973; Turner 1973, p. 195; Jamison 1972, p. 354; Pace 1972; Duncan 1971; Druehl 1970, p. 241; Druehl 1969, p. 164; Paine and Vadas 1969b, p. 80; Cole 1968; Widdowson 1965b, p. 1428; Scagel 1964, p. 264; Scagel 1963, p. 48; Scagel 1961, p. 528 Display references
Epiphytes:
Hecatonema primarium, Pterochondria woodii
Ultrastructure:
Henry and Cole 1982a, p. 551; Henry and Cole 1982b, p. 571; Henry 1980, p. 9 Display references
Physiology:
Hurd, Durante et al. 1994; Hurd, Quick et al. 1994; Lüning 1990; Wheeler and Srivastava 1984; Smith et al. 1983; Shih et al. 1983; K. Schmitz 1982, p. 171; Willenbrink 1982; Kremer 1981, p. 504; Schmitz and Srivastava 1980; Kremer 1979, p. 246; Englar et al. 1979; Willenbrink et al. 1979; Schmitz and Srivastava 1979a; Schmitz and Srivastava 1979b; Lobban 1978c; Lobban 1976; Schmitz and Srivastava 1974b Display references
Chemistry:
Khotimchenko et al. 2002; Rosell and Srivastava 1985; Rosell and Srivastava 1984a; Rosell and Srivastava 1984b; Whyte and Englar 1983, p. 163; Wort 1955 Display references
Economic Applications:
Sloan and Bartier 2000, p. 5; Lloyd 1989, p. 35; Druehl 1988, p. 121; Druehl and Breen 1986; Coon 1982; Druehl and Boal 1981, p. 578; Mumford 1980, p. 19; Druehl 1979a Display references

 
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Pl                         Abundant, on rocks in the lowermost intertidal and subtidal to twelve feet, close to open sheltered ocean but not directly exposed to surf. Scagel 1957, p. 106. Scagel 1973, p. 134. Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 94. Display references
U        x    xxxx  
S xxxxxxxxxxxx
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Pl                         Abundant, in pools, in the low intertidal and subtidal on boulder fields. Doty 1947, p. 42. Sanborn and Doty 1947, p. 31 (as M. pyrifera). Markham and Celestino 1977, p. 259. Display references
U          xx          
S xxxxxxxxxxxx
CAPE
ARAGO
Pl                         Rare, found on rock reef in low intertidal, at Bear Harbor, rare plant found on a pier in Humboldt Bay. (Rasmussen pers. comm.). In drift. Dawson 1965a, p. 18. Display references
U xxxxxx      xxx
S xxxxxxxxxxxx
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Pl                         Abundant, subtidally in coves protected by reef, on sandy bottom. Kjeldsen 1995, p. 25. Display references
U xxxx      xxxxx
S xxxxxxxxxxxx
POINT
ARENA
Pl                         Abundant, on rocks in semi-protected coves, and sheltered to moderately exposed habitats in the low intertidal and upper subtidal. Johansen 1966a, p. 103. Kjeldsen 1995, p. 25. Display references
U xx      xxx        
S xxxxxxxxxxxx
SAN
FRANCISCO
Pl                         Abundant in pools and in tidal channels on gentle sloping ledges in the low intertidal and subtidal. Smith 1944, p. 143. Devinny and Kirkwood 1974, p. 102. Display references
U            xxxxxx
S xxxxxxxxxxxx

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:26 2006
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