|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from spheric, tan, fibrous-coated corm; cormlets sessile
Leaves basal, 23, narrowly lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower
Inflorescence umbel-like, open; axis 2100 cm, stiff, erect, cylindric; bracts ± lanceolate, ± scarious; pedicels ± erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many
Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, filaments appendages generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; style 1, stigma weakly 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, generally stalked, ovoid, loculicidal
Seeds subspheric, black
Species in genus: 14 species: w North America, especially n&c CA
Etymology: (Greek: three complete, because all flower parts in 3's)
Reference: [Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73100]
Leaf 1525 cm, 410 mm wide
Inflorescence 1030 cm, smooth except weakly scabrous near base; pedicels 720 mm
Flower: perianth bright yellow or pale blue, tube 58 mm, lobes widely spreading, ± = tube, striped greenish; filaments attached at 2 levels, unequal (1.5 or 3 mm), linear or base barely wider, anthers 12 mm; ovary stalk ± = ovary
Ecology: Open conifer forest, dry slopes
Elevation: 6502200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Synonyms: Brodiaea c. (A.W. Wood) S. Watson
Varieties need study.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Flower: perianth pale blue, lobes slightly fringed toward tips
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 12002000 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Klamath Ranges (Trinity Mtns)
Synonyms: Brodiaea c. (A.W. Wood) Greene var. m. (H.M. Hall) Munz
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 1, 7, 15, 16; DFCLT.