Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

NICOTIANA

TOBACCO

Annual to small tree
Leaves entire
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, ± enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller
Fruit: capsule
Seeds many, minute, angled
Species in genus: ± 60 species: generally Am; N. tabacum L. widely cultivated.
Etymology: (J. Nicot, 1530–1600, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur)
Reference: [Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1–536]
Seriously TOXIC to livestock.

Native

N. obtusifolia Martens & Galeotti

Perennial from woody base, 2–8 dm, glandular
Leaves 2–10 cm; lower leaves short-petioled, (ob)ovate; upper leaves ± narrowly ovate, clasping
Inflorescence: bracts < 20 mm, linear to lanceolate
Flower: calyx 10–15 mm, lobes ± = tube, ± equal, narrowly triangular; corolla ± funnel-shaped, greenish or dull white, tube and throat 15–26 mm, limb 8–10 mm wide; stamens unequal, filaments attached near base of tube
Fruit 8–10 mm
Ecology: Gravelly or rocky washes, slopes
Elevation: < 1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: s East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Utah, Texas, Mexico
Flowering time: Mar–Jun
Synonyms: N. trigonophylla Dunal

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