|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 15-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae
Shrub, erect or twining
Leaves simple, entire, short-petioled; 12 pairs beneath inflorescence often fused around stem
Inflorescence: spikes, interrupted, at ends of branches, or flowers paired on axillary peduncles and subtended by 02 sets of bracts
Flower: calyx-limb 0 or generally 5-toothed, generally persistent; corolla 5-lobed, ± radial or strongly 2-lipped (4 upper lobes, 1 lower), tube pouched at base; ovary chambers 23
Fruit: berry, generally round
Species in genus: ± 200 species: temp, subtropical North America, Eur, Asia, n Africa
Etymology: (Adam Lonitzer, German herbalist, 16th century)
Reference: [Rehder 1903 Rep Missouri Bot Gard 14:27231]
2 collections (Del Norte Co., Eldorado Co.) have purplish, apparently sterile, variously distorted flowers with long, slender ovary/hypanthium; probably alien (key 7.).
Plant generally climbing or reclining on shrubs, 924 dm; base woody; herbage glabrous to puberulent
Leaf generally 14 cm; blade oblong or ovate, base round or ± tapered, tip round or obtuse; upper pairs not fused around stem
Inflorescence: spike, long, interrupted, often ± glandular-hairy
Flower: corolla 812 mm, pale yellow, strongly 2-lipped, often hairy; stamens, style, stigma exserted
Fruit ± 8 mm, red or yellow
Ecology: Chaparral slopes
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada (Butte Co.), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Central Western California, Southwestern California.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf: blade narrowly elliptic, 34 X longer than wide
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Western Transverse Ranges (Santa Ynez Mtns, Santa Barbara Co.)
Horticultural information: 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.