|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Stem generally unbranched
Inflorescence panicle-like; branches generally widely spreading
Spikelet: glumes tapered from near base to tip, tip narrowly acute, generally reddish; axis breaking above glumes; floret 1, generally round in X -section; callus 0.54 mm, generally sharp; lemma papillate or minutely tubercled at tip, sometimes hairy, margins strongly overlapping at maturity, tip neck-like, ciliate, generally pale colored; palea < 1/3 lemma length, glabrous, veins 0; anthers ciliate, often of 2 lengths
Species in genus: ± 80 species: Am
Etymology: (Latin: nassa, a basket with a narrow neck)
Reference: [Barkworth 1990 Taxon 39:597614]
Segregated from Stipa ; see also Achnatherum, Hesperostipa.
Stem 310 dm
Leaf: blade 0.83.5 mm wide
Inflorescence 1860 cm
Spikelet: glumes subequal, 1219 mm; floret 7.511.5 mm; lemma evenly hairy, becoming glabrous on veins, neck conspicuous, not strongly narrowed at base, awn 38100 mm, strongly bent twice, distal segment straight
Ecology: Oak woodland, chaparral, grassland
Elevation: < 1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, s Sacramento Valley, Central Western California, South Coast, Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, w Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Synonyms: Stipa p. Hitchc
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; also STBL.