|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from elongate bulb of 1 fleshy scale, generally with small, bead-like segments of persistent rhizome
Leaves 2 (1 in non-flower plant), basal, 635 cm, lanceolate to ovate (solitary basal leaf wider), narrowed to petiole, glabrous; margin entire to wavy
Inflorescence: raceme; flowers 110; bracts 0
Flower showy, nodding; perianth segments 6, similar, free, ± lanceolate, ± strongly recurved; stamens 6; style 1, stigma entire to 3-lobed
Fruit ovoid to oblong
Seed ± ovoid, ± angular, brown
Species in genus: ± 25 species: especially temp North America
Etymology: (Greek: red, from flowers of some)
Reference: [Applegate 1935 Madroño 3:58113; Shevock et al. 1990 Madroño 37:261273]
Attractive in woodland gardens. Pressed specimens fade, so leaf and flower markings should be recorded fresh.
Bulb 3055 mm, ovoid, sometimes producing sessile bulbletsSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 1020 cm, widely lanceolate to ovate, ± wavy-margined, mottled with brown or white
Inflorescence: stalk 1530 cm; flowers 13
Flower: perianth segments 2540 mm, lanceolate to ovate, white with yellow base, ± pinkish in age, inner with small sac-like folds at base; stamens 813 mm, filaments ± slender, ± yellow, anthers yellow; style 58 mm, ± bent, ± white, stigma lobes < 1 mm
Ecology: Dry woodlands, on serpentine
Elevation: 5001200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Inner North Coast Ranges (near Mount Saint Helena)
Horticultural information: SHD, DRN, DRY or IRR: 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.