Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Patrick E. Elvander

Perennial or subshrub from caudex or rhizome, generally ± hairy
Stem often ± leafy on lower half, rarely trailing and leafy throughout
Leaves generally simple, basal or sometimes cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins ± palmate
Inflorescence: panicle, generally ± scapose
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to ± fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens generally 5 or 10; pistils 2 and simple or 1 and compound (chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, axile or parietal), ovary superior to inferior, sometimes more superior in fruit, styles generally 2
Fruit: 2 follicles or 2–4-valved capsule
Seeds generally many, small
Genera in family: 40 genera, 600 species: especially n temp, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia , Darmera , Heuchera , Saxifraga , Tellima , Tolmiea )
Reference: [Soltis 1988 Syst Bot 13:64–72]


Caudex scaleless, bearing bulblets
Leaves basal and cauline, reduced and merging into bracts upward; blade ± round, base cordate to reniform, lobes 3–7, deep, teeth sharp
Inflorescence panicle-like; flowers few; bracts sessile, lower often clasping, leaf-like
Flower: hypanthium free from ovary; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, placentas 2, axile
Fruit: capsule
Species in genus: 2 species: WA, OR, CA
Etymology: (H.N. Bolander, CA botanist, 1831–1897)
Reference: [Gornall & Bohm 1985 Bot J Linn Soc 90:1–71]


B. californica A. Gray


Leaf: petiole 3–10 cm; blade 1–5 cm wide
Inflorescence 15–60 cm, glandular; pedicels 0.5–3 mm
Flower: calyx lobes 3–6 mm, elliptic; petals 4–7 mm, triangular, long-tapered, green, margin purple; stamens << calyx lobes
Chromosomes: 2n=14
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Rock crevices, wet cliffs
Elevation: > 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c High Sierra Nevada (Eldorado to Mariposa cos.).
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for BOLANDRA%20californica being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Bolandra californica
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