|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrubs, trees, very aromatic, sometimes thorny
Leaves generally alternate, simple to pinnately compound (sometimes reduced to spines), prominently oil-gland-dotted; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally strongly aromatic; sepals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally persistent; petals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally whitish or greenish; stamens generally 24 X petal number; ovary generally superior, generally lobed, chambers generally 45, ovules generally many
Fruit: berry, drupe, winged achene, or capsule, generally aromatic
Seeds generally oily
Genera in family: ± 150 genera, ± 1500 species: especially tropical, warm temp, especially s Africa, Australia; used or cultivated for food (Citrus , 50 species), perfume, medicine, timber, ornamental (Choisya, Skimmia , etc.).
Some TOXIC: oils may promote localized sunburn or produce dermatitis.
Shrub, small tree, generally with bisexual and pistillate flowers
Leaves pinnately compound; leaflets 35, ± sessile, entire to finely serrate
Flower: sepals 45; petals 45, greenish white; stamens 45, filaments hairy on inner side; ovary chambers 2, style short, stigmas 2
Fruit dry, indehiscent, ± flat, gland-dotted; wing prominent, round
Species in genus: 3 species: US, Mex
Etymology: (Greek: elm, from similar fruit)
Plant generally < 5 m
Leaves deciduous; leaflets 3, 27 cm, lanceolate to obovate, glabrous above, ± hairy beneath; petiole 25 cm
Inflorescence ± flat-topped
Flower: sepals minute; petals 45 mm, fragrant
Fruit 12 cm, ± straw-colored; wing ± notched at both ends; style persistent
Ecology: Scrub, woodland
Elevation: generally < 700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area
Horticultural information: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17; IRR: 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.