This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes aquatic
Leaves generally basal and cauline, generally alternate, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, sometimes sheathing or stipule-like
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, free, early deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0many, free; stamens generally 10many; pistils 1many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, generally ± persistent in fruit as beak, ovules 1many
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, or utricle-like, 1many-seeded
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temp, tropical mtns; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Erianthis, Helleborus ),
some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus )
Reference: [Duncan & Keener 1991 Phytologia 70:2427]
Perennial from thick, simple to branched caudex
Stems 1few, ascending to erect, branched to not, scapose to not, glabrous to glandular-hairy
Leaves: basal 13-ternate, petiole generally long; cauline 0few, generally much reduced, deeply 3-lobed to 12-ternate, petiole short to ± 0; segments generally wedge-shaped to obovate, upper surface green to pale green, lower surface pale green to glaucous
Inflorescence: few-flowered raceme or flower solitary, terminal; axis and pedicels glabrous to glandular; flowers often pendent
Flower radial; sepals 5, petal-like, spreading to slightly reflexed; petals 5, generally with spur projecting between sepals; pistils generally 5
Fruit: follicles, glabrous to glandular
Seeds smooth, shiny, brown to black
Species in genus: ± 70 species: temp North America, Eurasia
Etymology: (Derivation uncertain, perhaps Latin: eagle, from spurs, or water-drawer, from habitats)
Reference: [Munz 1946 Gentes Herb 7:1150]
Many species and hybrids cultivated as ornamental; natural hybrids common.
Plant 1550 cm
Leaves: basal and lower cauline 12-ternate, petioles 525 cm, segments 1025(40) mm; upper cauline generally deeply 3-lobed to 1-ternate
Inflorescence: flower erect
Flower: sepals 1024 mm, cream to pink; petals cream to pink except spur mouth ± cream only, blade 815 mm, spur 2042 mm, generally ± straight, tip 12.5 mm wide, mouth 610 mm wide, round, ± 90° to flower axis; stamens 1221 mm
Ecology: Open, generally rocky slopes, scrub, subalpine forest, alpine
Elevation: 26003650 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Sierra Nevada.Variable, hybridizes with A. formosa in SNH
Horticultural information: IRR, DRN: 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17 &SHD: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; DFCLT.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|