|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual to subshrubs, appearing glabrous
Stems single and branching above or branching from base, ascending, < 1.5 m, ± striate, generally fibrous, gummy, minutely scabrous, yellow to tan or gray
Leaves alternate, sometimes in axillary clusters, entire, gland-dotted, sometimes gummy, glabrous or minutely scabrous, dark gray-green
Inflorescence: heads radiate, solitary or in short-peduncled clusters; involucres narrowly to widely obconic; phyllaries in 34 series, whitish yellow, tips green; receptacle naked, minutely hairy
Ray flowers 113; corollas yellow
Disk flowers 113 (in CA species); corollas yellow, club- or narrowly funnel-shaped, lobes short, recurved; style appendages lanceolate
Fruit narrowly obconic, light tan, hairy; hairs appressed, white; pappus of 12 series of finely toothed, white or yellowish scales generally 1/2 fruit length (in CA species) or much reduced
Species in genus: 25 species: 10 w North America, 15 South America
Etymology: (Gutierrez, surname of a noble Spanish family)
Reference: [Lane 1985 Syst Bot 10:728]
TOXIC to livestock, fresh or dried in hay.
Subshrub 26 dm
Stems sprawling or erect, sometimes reddish
Leaves ± linear
Inflorescence: heads 820-flowered, solitary or in groups of 23; peduncles generally > 1.5 mm; involucres generally bell-shaped, sometimes obconic, generally < or = 6.5 mm, < 3.5 mm diam; phyllaries generally 921 in 3 series
Ray flowers 413; corollas 2.57.2 mm
Disk flowers 413, fertile; corollas 2.34.2 mm
Fruit 12.8 mm
Ecology: Grasslands, slopes, outcrops, sometimes on serpentine
Elevation: 100300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: nw Baja California
Synonyms: G. bracteata Abrams
Variable in involucre shape, arrangement of heads
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|