|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
Plant branched by stolonsSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem: caudex 1.53 cm wide, simple
Leaf 37 cm, 1.53 cm wide, 34 mm thick, oblong-obovate, nonglaucous; base 12 cm wide; tip short-acuminate
Inflorescence: 1° branches generally 2, rarely more, simple to rarely forked 1 X , ascending; peduncle 825 cm, 24 mm wide; terminal branches 16 cm, 39-flowered; pedicel 58 mm
Flower: sepals 23 mm, deltate, wider than long; petals 1011 mm, 33.5 mm wide, fused 12 mm, elliptic, yellow, tips outcurved, acute
Fruit: follicles ascending
CA. N-facing cliffs, outcrops
Elevation: < 250 m.
Bioregional distribution: c South Coast (San Joaquin Hills, Orange Co.)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.