Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae



Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, glabrous to hairy
Leaves generally alternate; blade entire, sometimes cylindric or upper surface flat, fleshy, generally glaucous, tip acute or pointed
Inflorescence: cyme; clusters sessile, generally arrayed in compound spikes; bracts leaf-like or reduced; bractlets subtending flowers 1–3, minute, membranous; flowers 1–12
Flower generally bisexual; calyx radial or bilateral, lobes 5, rounded, hooded, keeled, horned, or wing-margined; ovary ± lenticular, rounded, conic or with a neck-like extension, stigmas 2–3(5)
Fruit: utricle, enclosed in calyx
Seed horizontal or vertical, lenticular or flat, of 2 kinds in some species
Species in genus: 115 species: worldwide, saline and alkaline soils
Etymology: (ancient Arabic name)
Reference: [Ferren & Whitmore 1983 Madroño 30:181–190]
Horticultural information: STBL.


S. taxifolia (Standl.) Standl.


Subshrub or shrub < 15 dm, glabrous to generally densely hairy, glaucous
Stems spreading or erect, several, dull, gray-brown; branches spreading
Leaves ascending to widely spreading, subsessile; base of lower deciduous leaves forming small knob; blades < 30 mm, lanceolate to short-elliptic, subcylindric or upper surface flat
Inflorescence: clusters generally throughout plant; branches generally thick, 2–4 mm diam; flowers generally 1–3 per cluster; bracts generally = leaves, generally overlapping
Flower bisexual or lateral pistillate, radial, 1–3 mm; calyx lobes rounded or hooded, generally hairy; ovary ± pear-shaped, stigmas 3–4, hairy-papillate
Seed horizontal or vertical, 1–2 mm, lenticular, shiny, black or brown
Ecology: Coastal bluffs, margins of salt marshes
Elevation: < 15 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast, Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Synonyms: S. californica vars. t. (Standley) Munz & pubescens Jeps
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for SUAEDA%20taxifolia being generated

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