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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual; hairs generally bristly, often bulbous-based.
Stem: generally erect, 2–12 dm, generally green.
Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, sessile or lower short-petioled, generally linear to narrow- lanceolate or - oblong, generally not succulent, ± entire.
Inflorescence: spike-like cymes, generally ± terminal, tip coiled.
Flower: generally radial; calyx lobes 5 or 2–4 (see key); corolla tube generally not constricted, generally orange or yellow (red-orange), appendages generally 0, throat generally open, glabrous, limb on large-flowered taxa generally with 5 dark spots.
Fruit: nutlets erect, ± triangular, adaxially generally with exposed elliptic attachment scar, generally with rounded or sharp tubercles.
14 species: w North America, sw South America, widely alien elsewhere. (W. Amsinck, patron of Hamburg Botanic Garden, 1752–1831) Self-compatible; often heterostylous; large-flowered taxa generally cross-pollinated, small-flowered self-pollinated.
Unabridged references: [Ray & Chisaki 1957 Amer J Bot 44:529–554; Suksdorf 1931 Werdenda 1:47–113; Kelley & Seiber 1992 Phytochemistry 31:2369–2387]
1. Calyx lobes unequal in width, 2–4 from fusion below middle, notched at tip; corolla tube generally 20-veined near base; nutlet generally smooth, cobblestone-like, or round-tubercled (except Amsinckia spectabilis var. spectabilis)
2. St glabrous to sparse-coarse-hairy, glaucous, ± white to pink below; leaf glaucous; nutlet smooth, adaxially with longitudinal slit-like groove, attachment scar hidden
3. Corolla 12–22 mm, limb 8–14 mm diam, generally orange; generally heterostylous; nutlet 3–4 mm, ovate, groove forked at base ..... A. furcata
3' Corolla 8–12 mm, limb 2–6(8) mm diam, yellow (to orange-yellow); homostylous; nutlet 4–6 mm, lanceolate, groove unforked at base ..... A. vernicosa
2' St hairy, not glaucous, ± green below; leaf not glaucous; nutlet smooth, cobblestone-like, or tubercled, adaxially without slit-like groove, attachment scar exposed
4. Nutlet 1.5–2 mm, ± black; leaf fine-toothed; stem generally decumbent; coastal dunes or occasionally sandy bluffs ..... A. spectabilis var. spectabilis (2)
4' Nutlet 2.5–5 mm, gray to brown; leaf entire; stem erect to ascending; inland
5. Corolla 14–22 mm, limb 10–16 mm diam; heterostylous
6. Nutlet gray, dull, cobblestone-like; corolla yellow-orange; SCoR, w WTR ..... A. douglasiana
6' Nutlet ± brown, smooth, shiny; corolla red-orange; nw SnJV ..... A. grandiflora
5' Corolla 8–16 mm, limb 2–10 mm diam; homostylous ..... A. tessellata
7. Corolla 12–16 mm, limb 6–10 mm diam; anthers not appressed to, generally below stigma ..... var. gloriosa
7' Corolla 8–12 mm, limb 2–6 mm diam; anthers appressed to stigma ..... var. tessellata
1' Calyx lobes ± equal in width, 5, not fused above base (except Amsinckia spectabilis var. spectabilis); corolla tube 10-veined near base; nutlet generally sharp-tubercled, often ridged
8. Nutlet 1–2 mm; leaf ± succulent, fine-toothed ..... A. spectabilis
9. St erect; calyx lobes not fused above base; nutlet 1–1.5 mm; heterostylous ..... var. microcarpa
9' St generally decumbent; calyx lobes generally 2–3, ± 1/2-fused; nutlet 1.5–2 mm; heterostylous or homostylous ..... var. spectabilis (2)
8' Nutlet 2–4 mm; leaf not succulent, generally entire
10. Corolla bilateral, tube bent, limb generally with 2 dark spots ..... A. lunaris
10' Corolla radial, tube straight, limb with 0 or 5 dark spots
11. Corolla throat ± closed by 5 hairy appendages, tube constricted in lower 1/2; stamens attached below middle of corolla tube, style included ..... A. lycopsoides
11' Corolla throat open, glabrous, appendages 0, tube not constricted; stamens generally attached above middle of corolla tube, if below then style exserted
12. Corolla 10–20 mm, limb 8–14 mm diam; style generally ± exserted; anthers not appressed to, generally below stigma (if stigma at bottom 1/3 of tube, then anthers above stigma, at throat) ..... A. eastwoodiae
12' Corolla 4–11 mm, limb 1–10 mm diam; style not exserted; anthers generally appressed to stigma
13. St erect, ± gray, appressed to reflexed hairs below present; leaf ± gray, hairs appressed to ascending; corolla ± yellow ..... A. retrorsa
13' St decumbent to erect, green to brown, appressed to reflexed hairs below ± 0; leaf green, hairs ± not appressed to ascending; corolla ± orange
14. St ascending to erect; corolla 7–11 mm, limb 4–10 mm diam, ± orange, tube exserted ..... A. intermedia
14' St decumbent to ± ascending; corolla 4–7 mm, limb 1–3 mm diam, yellow to orange-yellow, tube ± exserted ..... A. menziesii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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