Jepson eFlora: Key page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Key to Salvia

View taxon page for Salvia

(For a list of species in Salvia, use the above link.)

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. Annual

2. Corolla tube 15–25 mm;  2–5 cm; plant white-woolly ..... S. carduacea

2' Corolla tube 6–8 mm; bract < ± 1 cm; plant short-hairy ..... S. columbariae

1' Perennial herb to shrub

3. Leaf spine-tipped

4. Leaf white-woolly, short-petioled, generally deciduousspines in 1–2 pairs or 0 on marginscalyx  triangular, white-woolly ..... S. funerea

4' Leaf green-tomentose,  or short-petioled, persistent, spines in 2–7 pairs on margins; calyx lobes , not white-woolly ..... S. greatae

3' Leaf not spine-tipped

5. Perennial herb;  ± green

6. Corolla tube red to salmon, 25–35 mm, upper lip straight; calyx hairs short, white ..... S. spathacea

6' Corolla tube pale yellow or violet-blue (white), 10–20 mm, upper lip arched; calyx soft-wavy-hairy and glandular, to white-woolly

7. Corolla tube pale yellow; calyx white-woolly ..... S. aethiopis

7' Corolla tube violet-blue (white); calyx soft-wavy-hairy and glandular ..... S. virgata

5' Subshrub or shrub (perennial herb); leaf ± green to ± gray-white

8. Stamens  to ± 

9. Leaf  to linear-elliptic, margins rolled under, abaxially with branched hairs; heterostylous ..... S. brandegeei

9' Leaf oblanceolate to oblong-elliptic or obovate, margins not or only ± rolled under, abaxially with  hairs; not heterostylous

10. Corolla tube white to pale blue or lavender (pale rose); flower clusters 1.6–4 cm wide; leaf oblong-elliptic to obovate ..... S. mellifera

10' Corolla tube dark blue; flower clusters 1–1.5 cm wide; leaf oblanceolate to obovate ..... S. munzii

8' Stamens generally exserted

11. Lower corolla lip generally > 2 × upper; hairs simple

12. Leaf generally ± green, or ± gray from ± bristly hairs; inflorescence generally < 5 dm

13. Erect shrub; leaf linear; corolla tube white to pale lilac ..... S. eremostachya

13' Prostrate subshrub; leaf lance-elliptic to obovate; corolla tube blue to lilac or purple ..... S. sonomensis

12' Leaf ± gray-velvety from minute  hairs; inflorescence generally > 10 dm

14. Leaf  base ; calyx lobes ± or not spine-tipped; flowers in ± spike-like clusters, arranged in ± raceme-like, interrupted  ..... S. apiana

14' Leaf blade base ±  to tapered; calyx lobes spine-tipped; flower clusters in ± spike-like, interrupted panicles ..... S. vaseyi

11' Lower corolla lip < 2 × upper; hairs simple or branched

15. Width of middle lower corolla  < 1/2 length; leaf puckered, teeth rounded, hairs simple or branched, moderately dense to sparse, 

16. Leaf blade base ± truncate to ± ; leaf ashy-gray, hairs branched; tissue between anther sacs glabrous ..... S. leucophylla

16' Leaf blade base tapered to ± truncate; leaf yellow- to gray-green, hairs simple; tissue between anther sacs glandular-hairy

17. Bracts dark, firm, < calyx; spikes of 1–3 flower clusters ..... S. clevelandii

17' Bracts pale to dark, papery, >> calyx; flower clusters generally 1 per flower stem ..... S. mohavensis

15' Width of middle lower corolla lobe >= length; leaf not puckered, ± , scaly or hairs simple, very dense, appressed

18. Corolla tube blue-violet to rose, generally 13–23 mm; bract 10–20 mm; leaf 2–5 cm ..... S. pachyphylla

18' Corolla tube blue (purple to rose, or white), generally 6–13 mm; bract 5–12(14) mm; leaf 0.4–3 cm ..... S. dorrii

19. Bract, calyx abaxially soft-shaggy-hairy or scaly, margin hairs long ..... var. pilosa

19' Bract, calyx glabrous to scaly, margin hairs generally short

20. Leaf abruptly narrowed to , 0.6–2 cm, widest 0.2–1.3 cm from base ..... var. dorrii

20' Leaf tapered to petiole, 1–4 cm, widest 0.6–2.8 cm from base ..... var. incana


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) . Jepson eFlora, [accessed on ]

Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on .

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