Jepson eFlora: Key page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Key to Pedicularis

View taxon page for Pedicularis

(For a list of species in Pedicularis, use the above link.)

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. Leaf , ± toothed; calyx  generally 2 (4 in some plants); fruit ±  in outline

2. Upper corolla lip hooded, not beaked;  ± doubly stem generally simple ..... P. crenulata

2' Upper corolla lip extended in a long, down-curved beak; leaf  to ; stem generally branched distally ..... P. racemosa

1' Leaf (at least some) deeply lobed to compound; calyx lobes 5; fruit ovoid

3. Proximal cauline leaf segments generally 3–5(11),  to toothed, terminal >> lateral leaves 0 at flower ..... P. howellii

3' Proximal cauline leaf segments > 5, serrate to divided, terminal segment not largest; basal leaves generally present at flower (except Pedicularis bracteosa)

4. Corolla not club-like, upper lip with a long, narrow beak

5. Corolla white to ± yellow, upper lip 4–5.5 mm, beak curved downward, not like an elephant's trunk ..... P. contorta

5' Corolla pink to purple, upper lip 3.5–18 mm, beak curved upward, ± like an elephant's trunk

6. Inflorescence densely hairy; beak 3–5 mm; lower lip ± fan-like ..... P. attollens

6' Inflorescence ± glabrous; beak 6–13 mm; lateral lobes of lower lip resembling ears ..... P. groenlandica

4' Corolla ± club-like, upper lip hooded, not beaked

7. Corolla deep red to red-purple (yellow to orange), lower lip ± 1/4 upper ..... P. densiflora

7' Corolla ± yellow or ± purple, lower lip generally >> 1/4 upper

8. Stem 30–110 cm; inflorescence > leaves; basal leaves generally 0 at flower; corolla ± yellow ..... P. bracteosa var. flavida

8' Stem <= 30 cm; inflorescence generally <= leaves; basal leaves present at flower; corolla ± yellow or ± purple

9. Corolla ± yellow, generally tinged red or tipped purple, hairy; filaments hairy ..... P. semibarbata

9' Corolla pink to ± purple, glabrous; filaments glabrous

10. Corolla 30–42 mm, pale purple, darker-tipped, lower lip > 1/2 upper, its lobes rounded, wavy-margined; leaf margin wavy, white, thickened ..... P. centranthera

10' Corolla 17–24 mm, pink or purple to purple-red, lower lip < upper, its lobes pointed, not wavy-margined; leaf margin not wavy, white, or thickened ..... P. dudleyi


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) . Jepson eFlora, [accessed on ]

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