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Vascular Plants of California
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Eremocarya lepida

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or shrub, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate-decumbent to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, simple, generally alternate, sometimes opposite, especially at base. Inflorescence: cymes, arranged singly or in groups of 2--5, generally coiled in flower, generally elongating in fruit. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 5, free or fused at least at base; corolla 5-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages (often called "fornices") 0 or 5 at top of tube, when present often differentially pigmented, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, 4-lobed, style 1, entire or minutely 2-lobed (2-branched). Fruit: nutlets 1--4, when > 1, all similar (often called "homomorphic") or 1 or 2 dissimilar in size and/or shape from the others (often called "heteromorphic"), free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, +- 1600--1700 species: mostly temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Echium, Myosotis, Symphytum). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Sometimes still treated in broader sense of TJM2 (e.g., APG IV 2016 Bot J Linn Soc 181:1--20), but recent evidence (Luebert et al. 2016) supports segregation, for our flora, of the families Ehretiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae, and Namaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael G. Simpson, C. Matt Guilliams, Kristen Hasenstab-Lehman & Ronald B. Kelley
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, C. Matt Guilliams, Kristen Hasenstab-Lehman, David J. Keil, Ronald B. Kelley, Robert W. Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti & Michael G. Simpson
Genus: EremocaryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, 2.5--15+ cm, open, +- cushion-like; root, stem base red-purple. Stem: few to much branched +- throughout, branches ascending to erect, thread-like, strigose. Leaf: crowded at stem base and inflorescence, alternate, sessile; blade linear, oblong, or oblanceolate, entire. Inflorescence: flowers axillary on distal cyme axes or in branch forks, densely branched; inflorescence and flower bracts throughout; pedicel 0.5--0.8 mm, angled upward to horizontal. Flower: calyx +- 1--1.5 mm, 1.8--2.5 mm in fruit, +- persistent, sepals free to base, linear-oblong, hirsute; corolla limb 0.5--4 mm diam. Fruit: nutlets (3)4, 1--1.4 mm, +- lanceolate to lance-ovate, white-papillate or smooth, +- shiny, margin rounded, base rounded; abaxially rounded, ridge 0; adaxially +- flat, attachment scar edges narrow-gapped entire length, +- flared at base; style extended beyond nutlets.
Etymology: (Greek: desert nut) Note: A segregate of Cryptantha strongly supported as a separate lineage by molecular phylogenetic studies (Hasenstab-Lehman & Simpson 2012; Simpson et al. 2017).
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael G. Simpson & Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Johnston 1925 Contr Gray Herbarium 74:1--125; Higgins 1971 Brigham Young Sci Bull Biol Ser 13:1--63, 1979 Great Basin Naturalist 39:293--350; Simpson & Hasenstab 2009 Crossosoma 35:1--59; Hasenstab-Lehman & Simpson 2012 Syst Bot 37:738--757; Simpson et al. 2014 Madroño 61:259--275; Simpson et al. 2016 Madroño 63:39--54; Simpson et al. 2017 Taxon 66:1406--1420
Eremocarya lepida (A. Gray) Greene
Habit: Plant 8--15+ cm, generally taller than wide. Stem: branches from base few, erect. Flower: corolla limb 1.8--4 mm diam, center yellow, appendages prominent, yellow. Fruit: Nutlets 1.2--1.4(--1.6) mm, acuminate. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Mtn slopes, flats, valleys, granite-based gravelly soils, generally conifer forest, also chaparral, foothill woodland, Joshua-tree woodland; Elevation: 300--2800 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SN, Teh, TR, PR, n SNE; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Aug Note: Previously treated as a variety of E. micrantha; warrants species status based on corolla and nutlet morphology (Simpson et al. 2014).
Synonyms: Cryptantha micrantha (Torr.) I.M. Johnst. var. lepida (A. Gray) I.M. Johnst.
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael G. Simpson & Ronald B. Kelley
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Michael G. Simpson & Ronald B. Kelley 2021, Eremocarya lepida, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 9,, accessed on February 05, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 05, 2023.

No expert verified images found for Eremocarya lepida.

Geographic subdivisions for Eremocarya lepida:
s SN, Teh, TR, PR, n SNE
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).