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Vascular Plants of California
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Condea emoryi

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CondeaView Description 

Habit: Shrub to tree, glabrous to densely hairy. Stem: erect to spreading, branched. Leaf: generally petioled. Inflorescence: axillary; flower clusters loose to dense, occasionally in heads, involucre of bracts 0 (present). Flower: calyx generally 5-lobed, lobes generally equal; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, flat, lower lip 3-lobed, central lobe reflexed in age, +- pouched; stamens 4, fertile, curved, reclining on lower lip, exserted; style lobes +- equal. Fruit: nutlets angled, rough to smooth.
Species In Genus: 26 species: warm temperate, tropics, North America to South America. Etymology: (Name used by Adanson without explanation) Note: Some species used for flavoring (oils), food (seeds), medicinal. Segregated from Hyptis based on nuclear and plastid DNA (Harley & Pastore 2012 Phytotaxa 58:1--55).
eFlora Treatment Author: Raymond M. Harley & Thomas J. Rosatti
Condea emoryi (Torr.) Harley & J.F.B. Pastore
Habit: Shrub 1--4 m, densely hairy, hairs branched, white. Stem: branches erect to spreading; twigs densely hairy, glabrous in age. Leaf: petiole 3--7 mm; blade 1--3 cm, generally ovate to +- round, crenate to dentate. Inflorescence: +- spheric; cymes loose, flowers generally 10--15, subtended by small bracts, lower larger, leaf-like; pedicel 2--3.5 mm. Flower: calyx 4--5 mm, tubular, densely white-hairy, lobes +- filamentous; corolla 4--6 mm, violet.
Ecology: Gravelly, sandy washes, canyons, desert scrub; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: Arizona, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Jan--May
Synonyms: Hyptis emoryi Torr.
Jepson eFlora Author: Raymond M. Harley & Thomas J. Rosatti
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Jepson Video for Condea emoryi

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Citation for this treatment: Raymond M. Harley & Thomas J. Rosatti 2013, Condea emoryi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 1,, accessed on May 23, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 23, 2022.

Condea emoryi
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Condea emoryi
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Condea emoryi
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Condea emoryi
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© 1998 Larry Blakely
Condea emoryi
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© 2012 Keir Morse
Condea emoryi
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© 2010 Neal Kramer

More photos of Condea emoryi in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Condea emoryi:
s DMoj, DSon
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2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).