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Vascular Plants of California
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Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba

Higher Taxonomy
Family: IridaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: IRIS FAMILY
Habit: [(Annual), shrub], perennial herb generally from [bulb], corm, or rhizome. Stem: generally erect, generally +- round in ×-section. Leaf: generally basal (few cauline), 2-ranked, +- sword-shaped, blade edge-wise to stem, with midvein or not; bases overlapped, sheathing. Inflorescence: generally +- terminal; spikes, umbel-like cymes, or flowers 1; flowers in spikes or 1 subtended by 2 subopposite flower bracts; umbel-like cymes enclosed by 2 subopposite, generally large, leaf-like inflorescence bracts, including various flower bracts. Flower: bisexual (unisexual), radial, with stamens erect, enclosing style, or bilateral, with stamens, style to 1 side, stamens not enclosing style; perianth radial, parts free or generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer +- like inner (or not, in Iris, parts in that genus called sepals, petals), upper +- like lower or not; stamens 3, attached at base of outer 3 perianth parts or in tube, generally free; ovary inferior [(superior)], [(1)]3-chambered, placentas axile [(parietal)], style 1, branches 3, entire to 2-branched, thread- or petal-like with stigma abaxial, proximal to tip. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: few to many.
Genera In Family: +- 65 genera, +- 2050 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Crocus, Dietes, Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Sisyrinchium). Note: Gladiolus italicus Mill., Gladiolus tristis L. are urban weeds. Sparaxis grandiflora (D. Delaroche) Ker Gawl., Sparaxis tricolor (Schneev.) Ker Gawl. are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter Goldblatt, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FreesiaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb; corm conic, cover fibrous. Stem: branched or not. Inflorescence: spike, +- horizontal, flowers on upper side of axis, flower bracts green or partly membranous. Flower: bilateral, often fragrant; perianth tube funnel-shaped, narrow below, expanded above, upper perianth lobe > others; stamens free, generally included in tube; style branches divided +- to middle. Seed: many.
Species In Genus: +- 16 species: southern and eastern Africa. Etymology: (Friedrich H.T. Freese, German physician, botanist, 1795--1876) Note: Several species, hybrids cultivated as ornamental.
Reference: Goldblatt & Manning 1995 Syst Bot 20:161--178
Unabridged Reference: Goldblatt 1982 J S African Bot 48:39--91
Freesia leichtlinii Klatt subsp. alba (G.L. Mey.) J.C. Manning & Goldblatt
Stem: generally branched, < 20 cm. Leaf: 5--15 cm, 5--10 mm wide, midvein prominent. Flower: perianth < 5 cm, < 3 cm wide at top, white, often purple on outside, strong-scented, upper lobe erect, lower 3 spreading, lower 1 often with yellow area.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed urban, coastal areas; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Mar--Apr
Synonyms: Freesia alba (G.L. Mey.) Gumbl.
Jepson eFlora Author: Peter Goldblatt
Reference: Goldblatt & Manning 1995 Syst Bot 20:161--178
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Peter Goldblatt 2012, Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 11, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 11, 2021.

No expert verified images found for Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba.

Geographic subdivisions for Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba:
CCo, SnFrB, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).