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Vascular Plants of California
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Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CyperaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, often rhizomed or stoloned, often of wet open places; roots fibrous; monoecious, dioecious, or flowers bisexual. Stem: generally 3-sided, generally solid. Leaf: generally 3-ranked; base sheathing, sheath generally closed, ligule generally 0; blade (0 or) linear, parallel-veined. Inflorescence: spikelets generally arranged in head-, spike-, raceme-, or panicle-like inflorescences; flower generally sessile in axil of flower bract, enclosed in a sac-like structure (perigynium) or generally not. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, small, generally wind-pollinated; perianth 0 or generally bristle like; stamens generally 3, anthers attached at base, 4 chambered; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 2--3(4)-branched. Fruit: achene, 2--3 sided.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 5000 species: especially temperate. Note: Difficult; taxa differ in technical characters of inflorescence, fruit. In Carex and Kobresia, what appear to be individual pistillate flowers in fact are highly reduced inflorescences (whether or not the same applies to staminate flowers is still under debate). In some other works (e.g., FNANM) these are called spikelets, and they are treated as being arranged in spikes. Here and in TJM (1993), what appear to be individual pistillate flowers are called pistillate flowers in Carex (and they are treated as being arranged in spikelets), but spikelets in Kobresia (and they are treated as being arranged into spikes). Though internally inconsistent, the approach here is consistent with traditional usage, and reflects a preference for character states that may be determined in the field. Molecular, morphological, and embryological evidence indicates that Eriophorum crinigerum is to be segregated to a new genus, as Calliscirpus criniger (A. Gray) C.N. Gilmour et al., along with a second, newly described species, Calliscirpus brachythrix C.N. Gilmour et al. (Gilmour et al. 2013); key to genera modified by Peter W. Ball to include Calliscirpus.
eFlora Treatment Author: S. Galen Smith, except as noted
Scientific Editor: S. Galen Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: DulichiumView Description 

Etymology: (Latin: a kind of sedge)
eFlora Treatment Author: Joy Mastrogiuseppe
Reference: Ball 2002 FNANM 23:252--253
Dulichium arundinaceum (L.) Britton var. arundinaceum
Habit: Perennial herb < 10 dm, rhizomes long. Stem: cylindric, hollow. Leaf: cauline, 3-ranked, proximal bladeless; blade 0--15 cm, (1.5)3--8 mm wide, flat; sheath not splitting, green. Inflorescence: spikes 1--17, from sheaths of bladed leaves, 6--30 cm; spikelets 3--10, 1.5--3 cm, 1.2--2.5 mm wide, flat; flower bracts 2-ranked, 4--8, 3--9.5 mm, lance-linear, veined, each with 1 flower in axil. Flower: bisexual; perianth bristles 6--9, +- 4--7.5 mm, +- > fruit, barbs reflexed; stamens 3; style 2-branched, base persistent. Fruit: 2--4 mm (except style base), linear-ellipsoid, flat, yellow. Chromosomes: 2n=32.
Ecology: Uncommon. Lake, pond stream margins, bogs, wet meadows, often emergent; Elevation: 700--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRO, CaR, SN; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, eastern North America. Flowering Time: Jun--Oct Note: Known as fossil from Europe, eastern Asia.
Unabridged Note: Dulichium arundinaceum (L.) Britton var. boreale Lepage (rhizomes less in diam, stems shorter, leaf blades narrower, anthers shorter) in Quebec.
Jepson eFlora Author: Joy Mastrogiuseppe
Reference: Ball 2002 FNANM 23:252--253
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum

botanical illustration including Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum

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Citation for this treatment: Joy Mastrogiuseppe 2012, Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 05, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 05, 2024.

No expert verified images found for Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum.

Geographic subdivisions for Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).