Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Higher Taxonomy
Family: GentianaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal +- petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, +- persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1--2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). Note: Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin.
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Habit: Annual, glabrous. Leaf: basal, cauline, opposite. Inflorescence: terminal, sometimes also subterminal cymes; pedicels generally < subtending internode. Flower: parts generally in 5s; calyx tube < lobes; corolla < 2 cm, narrow-funnel-shaped, lobes spreading, < tube, entire, with fringes on adaxial surface near base, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on lower corolla tube); ovary sessile; style +- 0, stigmas 2, persistent.
Species In Genus: +- 275 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate to alpine, except Africa. Etymology: (Latin: little Gentiana)
Jepson eFlora Author: James S. Pringle
Reference: Nesom 1991 Phytologia 70:1--20
Unabridged Reference: Gillett 1957 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 44:195--269; Nesom 1991 Phytologia 70:1--20.
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: James S. Pringle 2012, Gentianella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 19, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 19, 2021.