Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Aloe maculata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AsphodelaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy or not, rhizomed. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal or +- so or in terminal clusters, alternate, linear to widely lanceolate [ovate], small (1.5--27 cm, 0.5--3 mm wide) [to large (1.9--4 m, 3--6 cm wide)], leathery or not, fleshy or not, entire or with minute sharp teeth or coarse prickles. Inflorescence: panicle [spike, raceme], bracts scattered. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, radial or +- bilateral, free or +- fused; stamens 6, equal or not, anthers attached at base or middle; ovary superior, chambers 3. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 6--many, flat, angled, or winged, gray, brown, +- black, black-brown.
Genera In Family: +- 17 genera, 800 species: Africa, Mediterranean to central Asia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AloeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy, sap bitter. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal and cauline, reduced upward, simple, base clasping, margin with coarse prickles [entire]. Inflorescence: generally axillary, generally +- scapose, [spike] raceme or panicle with many raceme-like branches, bracted. Flower: generally nodding, odor 0; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, fused except near tip [+- to base]; stamens [3 or]6, unequal; ovary superior, chambers 3, style slender. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
Etymology: (Arabic name for these plants) Note: Aloe striatula Haw. may be naturalizing locally in SnFrB (Berkeley Hills).
Unabridged Reference: Reynolds 1950 Aloës of S Afr, Cape Times Ltd
Aloe maculata All.
Habit: Erect, densely clumped. Stem: 0--0.2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: 1--3 dm, 5--12 cm wide, lanceolate to ovate, adaxially pale to dark green with white spots, abaxially green. Inflorescence: branches 0 or 2--5, raceme-like, 20--65-flowered, 10--30 cm, dense. Flower: perianth 25--40 mm, 2--10 mm wide, constricted above ovary, orange-red to pink; stamens unequal, outer 25--30 mm, inner 30--35 mm, anthers 4--5 mm. Fruit: 20--35 mm, 8--16 mm wide, oblong, red-brown. Seed: +- 2 mm.
Ecology: Coastal bluffs; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo (Point Conception); Distribution Outside California: widely naturalized; native to South Africa. Flowering Time: Apr
Synonyms: Aloe saponaria (Aiton) Haw., poss. illeg.
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Aloe
Next taxon: Aloe ×schoenlandii

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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Aloe maculata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 14, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 14, 2024.

Aloe maculata
click for image enlargement
©2013 Neal Kramer
Aloe maculata
click for image enlargement
©2014 Neal Kramer
Aloe maculata
click for image enlargement
©2013 Neal Kramer
Aloe maculata
click for image enlargement
©2013 Neal Kramer
Aloe maculata
click for image enlargement
©2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Aloe maculata
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Aloe maculata:
CCo (Point Conception)
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map of distribution 1

(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurrence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.

View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month Flowering-Fruiting Monthly Counts

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).