Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Rhododendron columbianum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: RhododendronView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub to tree, glabrous, hairy, and/or with glandular scale-like hairs. Stem: prostrate to erect, bark thin, sometimes peeling or shredding. Leaf: alternate, evergreen or deciduous, ovate to obovate to elliptic, margin entire, flat to rolled under. Inflorescence: raceme, 1--many-flowered, bracts green to red-brown. Flower: sepals, petals generally 5, corolla radial to bilateral, 1--5 cm, petals free to +- fused, spots or blotch present or 0; anther awns 0; ovary superior. Fruit: capsule, septicidal, dehiscing base to tip or tip to base, placentas axile. Seed: many, fusiform, +- flat to not, wings and/or tails present or 0.
Species In Genus: +- 1000 species: northern hemisphere, tropical Asia, to Australia. Etymology: (Greek: rose tree)
eFlora Treatment Author: Kathleen A. Kron & Walter S. Judd
Unabridged Reference: Chamberlain 1982. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 39:209--486; Cullen 1980 Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 39:1--207
Rhododendron columbianum (Piper) Harmaja
Stem: erect, < 2 m, bark smooth, peeling or shredding in age or not, twigs with unicellular hairs, papillae, and/or +- flat glandular scales. Leaf: (1)2--8 cm, 1.5--3 cm wide, leathery, evergreen, margin flat or +- rolled under, abaxially with sparse to dense papillae, +- flat glandular scales, adaxially with scattered +- flat glandular scales and/or papillae. Inflorescence: +- rounded, bracts, bractlets with +- flat glandular scales, margins ciliate. Flower: corolla widely bell-shaped, white to cream; stamens (8)10, +- equal. Fruit: 8--10 mm wide, +- longer, dehiscing base to tip. Seed: +- fusiform, coat +- elongated beyond narrow end.
Ecology: Coast, higher elevations inland, bogs, stream margins, occasionally well-drained sites; Elevation: < 3630 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, s NCoRO, CaRH, s SNF, SNH, CCo, SnFrB, n SCoRI, Wrn, SNE; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Wyoming, Utah. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Synonyms: Ledum glandulosum Nutt.
Jepson eFlora Author: Kathleen A. Kron & Walter S. Judd
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Rhododendron
Next taxon: Rhododendron macrophyllum

Name Search

Jepson Video for Rhododendron columbianum

Click to watch the video.

Botanical illustration including Rhododendron columbianum

botanical illustration including Rhododendron columbianum


Citation for this treatment: Kathleen A. Kron & Walter S. Judd 2012, Rhododendron columbianum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2022.

Rhododendron columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2015 Neal Kramer
Rhododendron columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Len Lindstrand III
Rhododendron columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2016 Barry Rice
Rhododendron columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Rhododendron columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2015 Neal Kramer
Rhododendron columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Rhododendron columbianum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Rhododendron columbianum:
NCo, KR, s NCoRO, CaRH, s SNF, SNH, CCo, SnFrB, n SCoRI, Wrn, SNE
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).