Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Neokochia americana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex. Native spp. of Kochia now treated in Neokochia. Chenopodiaceae often treated now within a more broadly circumscribed Amaranthaceae (Morales-Briones et al. 2021).
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti, Margriet Wetherwax.
Genus: NeokochiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb to subshrub, generally erect, glabrous to tomentose. Leaf: alternate or lower +- opposite, +- thread-like to linear, flat to cylindric, fleshy or not, sessile, vein 1 or obscure. Inflorescence: spikes, simple or branched; bracts leaf-like or scale-like; flowers 1--3(5) per axil. Flower: bisexual or pistillate, sessile; calyx lobes 5, incurved, keeled, densely hairy; tubercled, winged in fruit; stamens 5; stigmas 2--3. Fruit: +- compressed-spheric. Seed: horizontal.
Etymology: (Wilhelm D. Koch, German physician, botanist, 1771--1849) Note: Native species of Kochia recently treated in Neokochia (Chu & Sanderson 2008), Kochia scoparia in Bassia.
eFlora Treatment Author: G. Frederic Hrusa & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Chu & Sanderson 2008 Madroño 55:251--256
Neokochia americana (S. Watson) G.L. Chu & S.C. Sand.
Habit: Subshrub 8--40 cm, root-sprouting. Stem: many from base, generally simple, ascending to erect, generally finely white-tomentose, occasionally glabrous in age. Leaf: 5--20 mm, 1--2 mm wide, generally overlapping, +- cylindric to flat, +- fleshy, glabrous to spreading-long-hairy; vein obscure or 1. Inflorescence: flowers 1--3 per axil; bracts 4--15 mm, 0.5--1 mm wide, generally ascending, spreading in age. Flower: calyx lobes generally white-tomentose, wings fan-shaped, in fruit < 2 mm. Fruit: < 4 mm wide.
Ecology: Alkaline soils, flats, dry lake margins; Elevation: 600--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: GB, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Montana, Texas. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Unabridged Synonyms: Kochia americana S. Watson; Kochia americana var. vestita S. Watson; Kochia vestita (S. Watson) Rydb.
Jepson eFlora Author: G. Frederic Hrusa & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Chu & Sanderson 2008 Madroño 55:251--256
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Neokochia americana

botanical illustration including Neokochia americana

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Citation for this treatment: G. Frederic Hrusa & Dieter H. Wilken 2022, Neokochia americana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 11,, accessed on May 18, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 18, 2024.

No expert verified images found for Neokochia americana.

Geographic subdivisions for Neokochia americana:
GB, DMoj
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).