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Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MalvaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5--many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1--2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5--many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
Genera In Family: 266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). Note: Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise).
eFlora Treatment Author: Steven R. Hill, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: HibiscusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HIBISCUS
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, subshrub [shrub, tree]. Stem: generally erect, bristly or stellate-hairy to +- glabrous. Leaf: generally simple, cordate, palmate-lobed or -divided or not, +- entire to dentate or crenate-dentate, palmate-veined, tip acute or acuminate; stipules generally persistent. Inflorescence: raceme, open, or flowers 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks often jointed in upper 1/3; bractlets 8--10(20), free or basally fused, generally narrow, persistent. Flower: generally showy, open <= 1 day; calyx 5-lobed; petals white, yellow, lavender, red, or other colors, often with dark basal spot; filament tube 5-toothed at tip, anthers scattered on upper 1/2 below tip; style distally 5-branched, stigmas head-like. Fruit: capsule loculicidal, 5-chambered, ovoid or oblong, glabrous or hairy. Seed: several per chamber, hairy or +- glabrous.
Species In Genus: 200 species: especially America, Africa, Asia, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: hibiscos, a name for a mallow) Note: Other taxa, such as Hibiscus syriacus L., rose-of-Sharon, cultivated, possibly escaped.
Unabridged Reference: Fryxell 1988 Syst Bot Monogr 25:192--232
Hibiscus lasiocarpos Cav. var. occidentalis (Torr.) A. Gray
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub from caudex, generally rhizomed, hairy. Stem: many from base, prostrate to erect, 1--2 m. Leaf: petiole to 10 cm; blade 6--10 cm, cordate, shallowly 3--5-lobed or entire, toothed, acuminate; +- densely stellate-hairy abaxially, adaxially; stipules 1--4 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks 1--8 cm; bractlets 10, +- 2.5 cm, free +- to base, >= calyx in bud, flower, forming beak in bud, > calyx in fruit. Flower: calyx 2.5--3 cm, bell-shaped, sepals fused 1/2, veiny in fruit; petals 6--10 cm, white with rose-red center. Fruit: 2.5--3 cm, filling calyx, +- spheric to short-cylindric, stellate-hairy. Seed: +- 3 mm, spheric, glabrous. Chromosomes: 2n=38.
Ecology: Freshwater wetlands, wet banks, marshes; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaRF, c&s ScV, deltaic GV. Flowering Time: Jul--Nov Note: Threatened by riverbank alteration; rest of species (typical variety) no nearer California than northwestern Mexico, New Mexico.
Synonyms: Hibiscus californicus Kellogg; Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. californicus (Kellogg) L.H. Bailey; Hibiscus moscheutos L. var. occidentalis Torr.; Hibiscus lasiocarpus Cav., orth. var.
Unabridged Note: Distinguished from Hibiscus lasiocarpos Cav. var. lasiocarpos (nearest localities in northwestern Mexico, New Mexico) by smaller leaves, clonal-rhizomed habit, less hardiness.
Jepson eFlora Author: Steven R. Hill
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis

botanical illustration including Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis


Citation for this treatment: Steven R. Hill 2012, Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 30, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 30, 2022.

Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2002 George W. Hartwell
Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2002 George W. Hartwell
Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2001 John Game
Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2002 George W. Hartwell
Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2002 George W. Hartwell
Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2002 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Hibiscus lasiocarpos var. occidentalis:
CaRF, c&s ScV, deltaic GV.
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2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).