Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Duchesnea indica var. indica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornament, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DuchesneaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, stoloned; glands not evident. Leaf: basal and on stolons, ternately compound; leaflets often double-toothed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils on leafy stolons; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow-cup-shaped, bractlets 5, generally wider than sepals; petals yellow; stamens 20, filaments slender, anthers with paired pollen sacs; pistils many, ovary superior, style slender, attached below fruit tip. Fruit: +- strawberry-like; receptacle enlarged, red, +- completely covered with achenes.
Etymology: (A.N. Duchesne, French botanist, 1747--1827)
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter
Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke var. indica
Habit: Plant forming ground-cover, sparsely hairy. Leaf: basal leaf petiole 2--20 cm, central leaflet 1--4(6) cm, elliptic-ovate, short-stalked. Inflorescence: pedicels 2--13 cm. Flower: hypanthium bractlets = sepals but wider, obovate, 3-toothed; sepals 4--10 mm; petals 4--8 mm, obovate-oblong. Fruit: receptacle 1--2 cm wide, spheric-ovoid, +- pithy; achenes 1--1.5 mm, red. Chromosomes: n=42.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: generally < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: ScV, CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to eastern United States; native to Asia. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Barbara Ertter
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Barbara Ertter 2012, Duchesnea indica var. indica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 16, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 16, 2024.

Duchesnea indica  
var. indica
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©2018 Vernon Smith

More photos of Duchesnea indica var. indica
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Duchesnea indica var. indica:
ScV, CCo, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).