Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Billardiera heterophylla

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PittosporaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Tree, shrub, woody vine, generally evergreen. Leaf: simple, alternate, occasionally +- at branch tips, often leathery, generally entire, petioled. Inflorescence: panicle, cluster, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, free or +- fused at base; petals 5, free, erect or spreading, base generally +- adherent into tube; stamens 5; ovary superior, chambers generally 2--3, style 1, stigma generally spheric. Fruit: capsule, berry. Seed: several, often in pulp.
Genera In Family: 9 genera, +- 200 species: warm temperate, tropics, Old World, especially Australia, New Zealand, eastern Asia; some ornamental, especially Pittosporum. Note: Sollya moved to Billardiera.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BillardieraView Description 

Habit: Woody vine or climbing shrub; twigs slender, twining. Inflorescence: cyme, terminal or axillary, few-flowered; flowers rarely 1. Flower: petals free, spreading, blue; anthers adherent into cone around style [free]; ovary chambers 2. Fruit: berry; pulp sticky. Seed: sticky.
Species In Genus: 23 species: western Australia. Etymology: (Jacques Julien Houtou de Labillardière, French botanist, early student of western Australia flora, 1755--1834)
Billardiera heterophylla (Lindl.) L.W. Cayzer & Crisp
Leaf: 3--6 cm, lanceolate to oblanceolate or narrow-ovate; petiole 0--0.5 cm. Inflorescence: pendent. Flower: petals 8--10 mm, ovate; style < 5 mm. Fruit: cylindric, 1.3--2 cm, +- black.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed areas; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to western Australia. Flowering Time: Apr--Nov Note: Some in cultivation with white petals. California reports of Sollya fusiformis (Labill.) Briq. based on misidentified Billardiera heterophylla.
Synonyms: Sollya heterophylla Lindl.
Jepson eFlora Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock 2012, Billardiera heterophylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 02, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 02, 2022.

No expert verified images found for Billardiera heterophylla.

Geographic subdivisions for Billardiera heterophylla:
CCo, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).