Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Higher Taxonomy
Family: Arecaceae (Palmae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PALM FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub, shrub], tree, evergreen; dioecious (monoecious), or flowers bisexual. Stem: erect [subterranean, creeping, climbing], slender to massive, smooth or covered with fibrous or prickly remains of leaf bases. Leaf: palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown; base sheathing; petiole generally long; blade including leaflets folded lengthwise. Inflorescence: panicle (spike), axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1+ large bracts; flowers many, generally +- sessile. Flower: generally small, +- radial; sepals, petals each generally 3, similar or not, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1, compound, or 3, simple, ovaries superior, if 1, generally 3-chambered, styles free or fused. Fruit: generally a drupe, fleshy or dry. Seed: generally 1.
Genera In Family: 1914 genera, 2500 species: tropics, subtropics. Note: Cult worldwide for food, ornamental, building material.
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Habit: Monoecious. Stem: 1, smooth, with conspicuous nodal rings. Leaf: pinnately compound; petiole generally unarmed, bases not persistent on trunk; leaflet margins folded downward. Inflorescence: within crown, < leaves; flowers borne in 3s with 1 pistillate flower flanked by 2 staminate, also staminate flowers borne singly at distal end of inflorescence. Staminate Flower: sepals fused; petals free. Pistillate Flower: sepals free; petals free; pistil 1. Fruit: drupe, generally fleshy, oily, +- orange.
Species In Genus: 32 species: North America, West Indies, South America. Etymology: (Unknown, name used by Pliny for a kind of palm)
Jepson eFlora Author: Scott Simono
Reference: Henderson et al. 1995 Field Guide Palms Americas. Princeton Univ Press; Zona 2000 FNANM 22:120--121
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Scott Simono 2012, Syagrus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=81357, accessed on May 29, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 29, 2020.