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Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert W. Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert W. Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: NavarretiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, generally prickly. Stem: prostrate to generally erect; branches ascending or spreading; glabrous to generally hairy, often glandular. Leaf: simple, alternate (lowermost opposite), entire to generally deeply pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: generally head-like, bracts pinnate- to palmate-toothed or -lobed, spine-tipped (flower 1--2, pedicels elongate, bracts entire, not spine-tipped). Flower: calyx lobes 4--5, equal, entire or toothed, or unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4--5; stigmas 2 or 3. Fruit: generally ovoid, chambers 1--3; dehiscing when wetted, seeds adherent to fruit and each other, or generally dehiscing at maturity, seeds free. Seed: 1--many per fruit, brown, gelatinous when wet. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: western North America, Argentina, Chile. Etymology: (F.F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, ?--1742) Note: Revised taxonomy, too late for full treatment in TJM2, includes Navarretia linearifolia (Howell) L.A. Johnson subsp. linearifolia, a +- cryptic segregate of Navarretia sinistra, and Navarretia linearifolia subsp. pinnatisecta (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson [Navarretia sinistra subsp. pinnatisecta] (Johnson & Cairns-Heath 2010 Syst Bot 35:618--628); Navarretia paradoxinota and Navarretia paradoxiclara, both new to science, and Navarretia propinqua [Navarretia intertexta subsp. propinqua] (Johnson et al. 2013 Phytotaxa 91:27--38). Relative positions of flower parts are as pressed, unless stated otherwise.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson
Reference: Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55--91
Unabridged Reference: Porter 1996 Aliso 15:57--77; Spencer & Porter 1997 Syst Bot 22:649--668
Species: Navarretia leptaleaView Description 

Habit: Plant erect, 1° axis generally 1. Stem: 4--33 cm, branches ascending to spreading; subglabrous to glandular, glands black. Leaf: cauline, spreading, linear to narrowly elliptic, generally entire (lower pinnate-lobed). Inflorescence: not heads; pedicels elongate, thread-like. Flower: calyx sparsely glandular to subglabrous, lobes tapered, fine-pointed, membranes in fruit splitting; corolla tube generally exserted, minutely glandular abaxially, lobes pink; stamens unequally attached in throat; style, longest stamens well exserted. Fruit: < calyx, dehiscing from tip.
Note: Forms large showy populations. Subspecies intergrade.
Navarretia leptalea (A. Gray) L.A. Johnson subsp. bicolor (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson
Stem: 4--26 cm, branches +- spreading. Flower: corolla 8--15 mm, throat 2--5 mm, < 2 × lobes, tube, throat yellow, occasionally with short purple lines below lobes.
Ecology: Open rocky areas in forest, meadows; Elevation: 1500--3100 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNH. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep Note: Small plants (1--4 cm, corolla +- 6 mm) in rocky meadows, central and southern SNH, 2200--3100 m, differ from Navarretia capillaris in having pink corolla lobes, exserted stamens, more spreading habit.
Synonyms: Gilia leptalea (A. Gray) Greene subsp. bicolor H. Mason & A.D. Grant
Jepson eFlora Author: Leigh A. Johnson
Reference: Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55--91
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor

botanical illustration including Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor


Citation for this treatment: Leigh A. Johnson 2013, Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 1,, accessed on July 04, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 04, 2022.

Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Navarretia leptalea subsp. bicolor:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).