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Vascular Plants of California
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Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Doellingeria, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Bahia in Hymenothrix; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Picradeniopsis; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Amauriopsis in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Hymenothrix; Arida in Leucosyris; Bahia in Picradeniopsis; Eucephalus in Doellingeria.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PerityleView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROCK DAISY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, shrub. Leaf: opposite or alternate, simple to deeply divided or compound, sessile or petioled. Inflorescence: heads radiate, discoid or disciform, 1 or in cyme-like clusters; peduncle short or long; involucre cylindric, hemispheric, or bell-shaped; phyllaries in 2--3 +- equal series, linear to ovate; receptacle flat to conic, epaleate. Ray Flower: ray yellow or white. Disk Flower: 5--200; corolla yellow or white, 4-lobed; anther tips triangular; style tips tapered. Fruit: linear to oblanceolate, flat, sometimes weakly 3--4-angled; face dark brown or black, glabrous or puberulent, margins generally +- thick, puberulent to strongly ciliate; pappus 0 or a crown of fringed scales and 0--2 slender bristles.
Etymology: (Greek: around the margin, from thick fruit margin)
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil
Reference: Yarborough & Powell 2006 FNANM 21:317--334
Species: Perityle megalocephalaView Description 

Habit: Subshrub 15--60 cm, from woody caudex, short-rough-hairy. Stem: many, much-branched. Leaf: generally alternate; petiole 1--6 mm; blade 7--15 mm, 1--10 mm wide, generally elliptic or lanceolate to widely ovate or round, tip acute to obtuse, margin entire, serrate or lobed. Inflorescence: heads discoid, 1--few, loosely clustered; peduncle 1--4.5(8) cm, bracts leaf-like; involucre 3.5--7.5 mm diam, bell-shaped; phyllaries 14--19, 5--6 mm, lanceolate or oblong. Ray Flower: 0. Disk Flower: corolla 3.5--4.2 mm. Fruit: 2.5--3 mm; 1 or both faces rounded or +- angled, puberulent; margin hairy; pappus 0, rarely of 1 bristle.

Perityle megalocephala (S. Watson) J.F. Macbr. var. megalocephala
Habit: Plant generally 30--60 cm. Leaf: many, 7--15 mm, 4--9 mm wide, lance-ovate to round. Inflorescence: head generally 5--6 mm diam. Fruit: pappus bristle 0. Chromosomes: 2n=34.
Ecology: Rocky slopes, cliffs, pinyon/juniper woodland, bristlecone-pine forest; Elevation: 1400--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: W&I; Distribution Outside California: Nevada. Flowering Time: Jun--Nov
Synonyms: Laphamia megalocephala S. Watson var. megalocephala
Jepson eFlora Author: David J. Keil
Reference: Yarborough & Powell 2006 FNANM 21:317--334
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: David J. Keil 2012, Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 06, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 06, 2023.

Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson

More photos of Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Perityle megalocephala var. megalocephala:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).