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Vascular Plants of California
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Filago pyramidata var. pyramidata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Doellingeria, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Bahia in Hymenothrix; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Picradeniopsis; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Viguiera in Aldama and Bahiopsis; Whitneya in Arnica. Amauriopsis in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Hymenothrix; Arida in Leucosyris; Bahia in Picradeniopsis; Eucephalus in Doellingeria.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: FilagoView Description 

Habit: Annual (1)5--35[40] cm, +- gray to green, cobwebby to woolly. Stem: 1, +- erect [0 or 2--10+, ascending to prostrate], forked at least distally, +- evenly leafy [leafless between distal forks]. Leaf: alternate, +- sessile [petioled], oblanceolate to +- spoon-shaped [to lanceolate], entire; distal leaves subtending heads +- crowded, largest > proximal leaves. Inflorescence: heads disciform, +- sessile in groups of 8--20; involucre 0 or vestigial (simulated by paleae); receptacle length 5--15 × width, +- cylindric [club-shaped], glabrous; paleae, except innermost, each +- enfolding pistillate flower, +- persistent [deciduous], lanceolate, acuminate to awned, abaxially cobwebby, obscurely parallel-veined, margin +- reflexed as indistinct, narrow, terminal scarious wing, wing indistinct, narrow, terminal, recurved [erect], visible in head; innermost paleae generally 5, collectively surrounding inner pistillate and disk flowers, <= outer, +- ascending [spreading], +- concave, lanceolate, generally acuminate, papery, scarious, +- glabrous. Pistillate Flower: [12]20--30[40+], all or [generally only] outer paleate; corolla obscure, narrowly cylindric. Disk Flower: [1]5--9(11), bisexual; pappus present; corolla 4-lobed; anther base tailed, tip +- triangular; style tips +- linear-oblong. Fruit: +- club-shaped and +- compressed laterally to cylindric, rough or papillate [smooth], dull, corolla scar at [near] tip; outer fruit scarcely > inner, falling free of palea; inner fruit free of paleae; outer pistillate flower pappus 0, inner and disk flower pappus of [3]13--21 deciduous bristles (visible in head, generally falling together in complete or broken ring).
Etymology: (Latin: with threads, for woolly hairs) Note: Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Logfia.
eFlora Treatment Author: James D. Morefield
Reference: Morefield 2006 FNANM 19:447--449
Unabridged Reference: Wagenitz 1976 Sida 6:221--223
Filago pyramidata L. var. pyramidata
Leaf: longest (10)15--20 mm, 3--5 mm wide; distal leaves 1.3--2 × heads, obtuse. Inflorescence: heads only at stem forks and tips, +- ellipsoid, 5-angled, longest 5--7 mm, 2.5--4 mm wide (groups dense, spheric, +- yellow, largest 11--15 mm diam); paleae in vertical ranks, longest 4.5--6 mm, outer keeled. Pistillate Flower: pappus 0 in outer (15)20--25 flowers, present in inner 2--7 flowers. Disk Flower: 5--9(11); corolla 2--3 mm, lobes generally +- brown to +- yellow. Fruit: 0.7--1 mm; pappus of inner fruit 2--2.8 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed, often rocky places; Elevation: 10--800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, n CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: southern British Columbia, Australia; native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
Unabridged Synonyms: Filago germanica Huds.; Filago germanica L., illeg.
Unabridged Note: 1+ of the 3 other varieties may eventually be introduced.
Jepson eFlora Author: James D. Morefield
Reference: Morefield 2006 FNANM 19:447--449
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: James D. Morefield 2012, Filago pyramidata var. pyramidata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 16, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 16, 2024.

Filago pyramidata  
var. pyramidata
click for enlargement
©2021 Dylan Neubauer
Filago pyramidata  
var. pyramidata
click for enlargement
©2019 Neal Kramer
Filago pyramidata  
var. pyramidata
click for enlargement
©2019 Neal Kramer
Filago pyramidata  
var. pyramidata
click for enlargement
©2019 Neal Kramer
Filago pyramidata  
var. pyramidata
click for enlargement
©2021 Dylan Neubauer

More photos of Filago pyramidata var. pyramidata
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Geographic subdivisions for Filago pyramidata var. pyramidata:
NCoRI, n CCo, SnFrB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).