Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in most Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Atocion, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8. Taxa of Minuartia in TJM2 treated here in Cherleria and Sabulina; Pseudostellaria in Hartmaniella and Schizotechium; Vaccaria in Gypsophila; Velezia in Dianthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin & Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DianthusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed. Leaf: linear to oblanceolate or awl-shaped; veins 1 or 3. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; few- to many-flowered, dense, or 1--few-flowered, open; involucre bracts 0 or 2--6, linear to ovate; pedicels 0--25 mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous to hairy, tube prominent, 1--2.2 cm, 0.8--3.3 mm diam, +- cylindric, ribs 15 or 20--45[60], lobes 1--8 mm, < tube, triangular to lanceolate or lanceolate-acuminate; petals 5, 11--24 mm, claw long, limb irregularly toothed or divided to narrow segments or entire to notched, unappendaged or appendages 6--8, linear to lanceolate; stamens 5 or 10, bases fused with petal bases to ovary stalk; styles 2, 5--12 mm. Fruit: capsule, +- tubular; stalk 0.2--4 mm; teeth 4, ascending. Seed: 6--many, black.
Etymology: (Greek: divine flower, from beauty or fragrance of flower)
Reference: Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:159--162; Madhani et al. 2018 Taxon 67:83--112
Dianthus armeria L. subsp. armeria
Habit: Annual, biennial, 15--70 cm; taproot slender. Leaf: basal lanceolate to oblanceolate; cauline +- linear. Inflorescence: terminal, +- open, flowers few to several; bracts mostly >= calyx tube, linear to lanceolate, long-tapered; pedicels 0--3 mm. Flower: calyx 1.5--2 cm, moderately hairy, hairs long, +- appressed, ribs 20--25, lobes long-tapered; petal limb 4--5 mm, pink or rose with white dots, unappendaged; stamens 10. Fruit: stalk +- 1 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: 400--2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaR, n SNF, SNH, PR, SNE; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Alberta, eastern North America, Texas; native to southern Europe. Flowering Time: Spring--summer
Unabridged Note: 1 other subsp., native to Europe, central and southwestern Asia, introduced in Chile, Hawaii.
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:159--162; Madhani et al. 2018 Taxon 67:83--112
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Dianthus
Next taxon: Dianthus barbatus subsp. barbatus

Name Search


Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 30, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 30, 2023.

Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).