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Vascular Plants of California
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Ericameria cuneata var. spathulata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Doellingeria, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Bahia in Hymenothrix; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Picradeniopsis; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Viguiera in Aldama and Bahiopsis; Whitneya in Arnica. Amauriopsis in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Hymenothrix; Arida in Leucosyris; Bahia in Picradeniopsis; Eucephalus in Doellingeria.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: EricameriaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Subshrub, shrub, <= 5 m, resinous, generally gland-dotted. Stem: generally ascending to erect, glabrous to woolly; often resin-dotted and resin-coated, stalked-glandular in some. Leaf: alternate, thread-like to elliptic or wedge-shaped, entire. Inflorescence: heads radiate or discoid, 1 or variously clustered; involucre cylindric, obconic, or bell-shaped; phyllaries in 2--7 series, +- lanceolate to ovate, generally resinous, persistent when dry, tips erect to recurved, obtuse to acuminate or tailed, midrib often thickened with a resin gland; +- flat to convex, pitted, epaleate. Ray Flower: 0--30; corolla 2--12 mm, generally yellow (white). Disk Flower: 4--70+; corolla 3--11 mm, generally yellow (white); anther tips narrowly triangular to awl-like; style tips lanceolate to awl-shaped. Fruit: 2--8 mm, cylindric to ellipsoid or +- obconic, generally angled, ribbed; pappus of minutely barbed bristles in 1 series.
Etymology: (Greek: golden shrub) Note: Most species flower summer/fall. Some hybridization among species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lowell E. Urbatsch
Reference: Urbatsch et al. 2006 FNANM 20:50--77
Species: Ericameria cuneataView Description 

Habit: Plant 1--10 dm. Stem: glabrous, +- gland-dotted in pits, resinous. Leaf: 3--25 mm, 2--16 mm wide, wedge-shaped, obovate, or spoon-shaped, generally obtuse, rounded, or notched, glabrous. Inflorescence: heads radiate or discoid, 1 or in small compact, rounded, cyme-like clusters; peduncle 2--10 mm, bracts 0--10, scale-like; involucre 5--12 mm, 4--14 mm wide, obconic; phyllaries 20--60, graduated in 4--7 series, lanceolate to obovate, obtuse to generally acuminate, glabrous, sometimes resinous. Ray Flower: 0(7); corolla < 5 mm. Disk Flower: 7--70; corolla +- 5.5 mm; style appendage +- = stigma. Fruit: 2.5--3 mm, 5-ribbed, silky-hairy; pappus < corolla, sparse, brown.

Ericameria cuneata (A. Gray) McClatchie var. spathulata (A. Gray) H.M. Hall
Leaf: largest (9)12--25 mm, 4--16 mm wide, +- spoon-shaped; base petiole-like; tip generally widely obtuse or notched. Inflorescence: heads generally discoid; involucre 5--8 mm, 4--7 mm diam. Disk Flower: 7--15. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Rock outcrops; Elevation: 100--1900 m. Bioregional Distribution: Teh, SCoR, D; Distribution Outside California: southern Nevada, Arizona, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Sep--Nov Note: Intergrades with Ericameria cuneata var. cuneata in Kern Co.
Synonyms: Haplopappus cuneatus A. Gray var. spathulatus (A. Gray) S.F. Blake ex Munz
Jepson eFlora Author: Lowell E. Urbatsch
Reference: Urbatsch et al. 2006 FNANM 20:50--77
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Ericameria cuneata var. macrocephala
Next taxon: Ericameria discoidea

Botanical illustration including Ericameria cuneata var. spathulatabotanical illustration including Ericameria cuneata var. spathulata

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Citation for this treatment: Lowell E. Urbatsch 2012, Ericameria cuneata var. spathulata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 23, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 23, 2024.

Ericameria cuneata  
var. spathulata
click for image enlargement
©2012 Keir Morse
Ericameria cuneata  
var. spathulata
click for image enlargement
©2012 Keir Morse
Ericameria cuneata  
var. spathulata
click for image enlargement
©2012 Keir Morse
Ericameria cuneata  
var. spathulata
click for image enlargement
©2012 Keir Morse
Ericameria cuneata  
var. spathulata
click for image enlargement
©2012 Keir Morse

More photos of Ericameria cuneata var. spathulata
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Ericameria cuneata var. spathulata:
Teh, SCoR, D
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map of distribution 1

(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurrence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.

View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month Flowering-Fruiting Monthly Counts

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).