Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornament, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: RosaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub to vine, often thicket-forming, generally prickly. Leaf: generally odd-pinnately compound; stipules generally attached to petiole, generally gland-margined. Inflorescence: generally +- cyme or flowers 1; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium urn-shaped, bractlets 0; sepals often with long expanded tip; petals generally 5 (except cultivated), generally pink in California (white to red or yellow); stamens generally > 20; pistils generally many, ovaries superior, styles attached at tip, generally hairy. Fruit: bony achenes generally enclosed in fleshy, generally +- red hypanthium (hip).
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name) Note: Species hybridize freely; other non-natives established locally. FNANM treatment by Lewis & Ertter uses both subspecies and varieties, the latter mostly reserved for localized variants within a subspecies; 2 varieties in Rosa woodsii subsp. gratissima treated here but not in TJM2 (2012).
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter
Reference: Ertter & Lewis 2008 Madroño 55:170--177
Unabridged Reference: Lewis & Ertter 2007 Novon 17:342--353
Species: Rosa gymnocarpaView Description 

Common Name: WOOD ROSE
Habit: Loose shrub. Stem: prickles few to many, generally not paired (except SnFrB), 2--8 mm, +- slender, straight. Leaf: axis generally glabrous +- glandular; leaflets glabrous; terminal leaflet margins +- double-toothed, glandular. Flower: hypanthium 1.5--2 mm wide at flower, glabrous and glandless, neck +- 1.5 mm wide; sepals glandular or not, entire, tip generally << body, entire; petals +- 10 mm, pink to red; pistils 5--10. Fruit: 4--12 mm wide, ellipsoid to +- spheric; sepals erect to reflexed, evenly deciduous; achenes (3)4--7 mm. Chromosomes: n=7.

Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. var. gymnocarpa
Habit: Plant generally +- 5--20 dm. Leaf: leaflets generally (5)7--9; terminal leaflet +- 10--30 mm, elliptic to (ob)ovate, tip +- obtuse. Inflorescence: pedicels generally +- 15--30 mm, generally stalked-glandular. Fruit: 5--12 mm wide, ellipsoid to +- spheric; achenes (1)4--10. Chromosomes: n=7.
Ecology: Common. Generally in shade of forest, scrub, generally not ultramafic substrates; Elevation: 30--2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n&c SN, CW, PR, MP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana. Flowering Time: (Feb)Apr--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Barbara Ertter
Reference: Ertter & Lewis 2008 Madroño 55:170--177
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Rosa gymnocarpa
Next taxon: Rosa gymnocarpa var. serpentina

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa

botanical illustration including Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa


Citation for this treatment: Barbara Ertter 2014, Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 2,, accessed on February 08, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 08, 2023.

Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling

More photos of Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Rosa gymnocarpa var. gymnocarpa:
NW, CaR, n&c SN, CW, PR, MP
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).