Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Nicotiana acuminata var. multiflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia). Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: NicotianaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: TOBACCO
Habit: Annual to small tree. Leaf: +- basal or not; margin entire, +- wavy or not. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal; lower bracts leaf-like. Flower: calyx 5-lobed, +- enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller. Fruit: septicidal capsule. Seed: many, minute, angled.
Etymology: (J. Nicot, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur, 1530--1600) Toxicity: Seriously TOXIC to livestock.
Unabridged Reference: Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1--536
Nicotiana acuminata (Graham) Hook. var. multiflora (Phil.) Reiche
Habit: Annual 5--15 dm, densely glandular-hairy. Leaf: 5--25 cm, petioled; basal ovate; cauline reduced. Inflorescence: bracts < 50 mm, linear. Flower: calyx 15--20 mm, dark-striped, lobes +- >= tube, unequal, narrowly lanceolate, not pock-marked; corolla +- salverform, green-white, tube 30--40 mm, limb 10--20 mm wide; stamens unequal, attached near tube middle. Fruit: 10--12 mm.
Ecology: Open, sandy or gravelly areas; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Nevada; native to South America. Flowering Time: May--Oct
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael H. Nee
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2012, Nicotiana acuminata var. multiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 05, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 05, 2023.

Nicotiana acuminata  
var. multiflora
click for enlargement
©2010 Barry Breckling
Nicotiana acuminata  
var. multiflora
click for enlargement
©2013 Neal Kramer
Nicotiana acuminata  
var. multiflora
click for enlargement
©2004 James M. Andre
Nicotiana acuminata  
var. multiflora
click for enlargement
©2011 Neal Kramer
Nicotiana acuminata  
var. multiflora
click for enlargement
©2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Nicotiana acuminata var. multiflora
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nicotiana acuminata var. multiflora:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).