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Vascular Plants of California
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Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella


Higher Taxonomy
Family: HydrophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, generally hairy, generally taprooted. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, generally raceme-like and coiled, or flowers 1. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla rotate to cylindric, generally deciduous, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chambers 1 or 2, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 2--5-chambered, style 1, style branches 2, stigmas generally head-like. Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2.
Genera In Family: 12 genera, 240--260 species: especially western US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia). Note: Included in Boraginaceae in TJM2 and some other treatments (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV 2016 Bot J Linn Soc 181:1--20) but treated as separate family (excluding Namaceae) by Boraginales Working Group (Luebert et al. 2016).
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse, except as specified
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin
Genus: NemophilaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: simple to branched, prostrate to erect, fleshy, brittle, angled or winged, glabrous to generally bristly (prickly). Leaf: cauline, lower generally opposite, upper opposite or alternate, generally reduced; petiole generally bristly-ciliate; blade pinnate-toothed or -lobed, generally bristly. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils or opposite leaves; pedicels longer in fruit, recurved. Flower: calyx bell-shaped to rotate, sinuses generally with spreading or reflexed appendages; corolla bell-shaped to rotate, white, blue, or purple, spotted or marked or not; stamens included; ovary chamber 1, style 1, generally 1/3--1/2 forked. Fruit: generally 2--7 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, hairy, generally enclosed by calyx. Seed: ovoid, smooth, wrinkled or pitted, with a conic, colorless appendage at 1 end.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southeastern United States, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: woodland-loving)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Unabridged Reference: Constance 1941 Univ CA Publ Bot 19:341--398
Species: Nemophila pulchellaView Description 


Leaf: opposite or alternate; lower 2--5 cm, oblong to ovate, lobes 5, generally well separated, stalked, round, 1--5-toothed; upper often sessile, oblong or lanceolate, entire to shallow-lobed. Inflorescence: pedicels 10--30 mm, < 50 mm in fruit, slender. Flower: calyx lobes 2--4 mm, appendages 0--0.5 mm in fruit; corolla 3--5 mm, 5--12 mm wide, rotate, >> to = calyx, white or blue, tube < filaments; anthers < 1 mm; style <= 3 mm. Seed: 1--4, brown or +- green, smooth or +- rough. Chromosomes: n=9.

Nemophila pulchella Eastw. var. pulchella
NATIVE
Leaf: opposite (or uppermost alternate). Flower: corolla >> calyx, blue with white center; style 2--3 mm, exserted. Seed: 2--4.
Ecology: Slopes, forest, chaparral, woodland, meadows, streambanks; Elevation: 100--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SN, c SNF, SnJV, SCoRI, SnGb. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Nemophila pulchella var. gracilis
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Botanical illustration including Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella

botanical illustration including Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella

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Citation for this treatment: Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2021, Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 9, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=62292, accessed on July 02, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 02, 2022.

Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella
click for enlargement
© 2011 Barry Breckling
Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella
click for enlargement
© 2011 Barry Breckling

More photos of Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Nemophila pulchella var. pulchella:
s SN, c SNF, SnJV, SCoRI, SnGb.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).